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Home arrow Jewish Culture and Heritage arrow Jewish Culture nį 87. By Gilberte Jacaret.
Sunday, 28 December 2014
 
 
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Jewish Culture nį 87. By Gilberte Jacaret. Print E-mail
In the Czech Republic:
1- The old jewish cemetery in Prague
2- The old new synagogue in Prague
3- Restoration of -the baroque synagogue in Jicin
1. The old jewish cemetery in Prague.... from Zidovské Muzeum V Praze

The Old Jewish Cemetery was established in the first half of the 15th century. Along with the Old-New Synagogue, it is one of the most important historic sites in Prague´s Jewish Town. The oldest tombstone, which marks the grave of the poet and scholar Avigdor Karo, dates from the year 1439. Burials took place in the cemetery until 1787.

Today it contains some 12,000 tombstones, although the number of persons buried here is much greater. The cemetery was enlarged a number of times in the past. In spite of this the area did not suffice and earth was brought in to add further layers. It is assumed that the cemetery contains several burial layers placed on top of each other. The picturesque groups of tombstones from various periods emerged through the raising of older stones to the upper layers.

The most prominent person buried in the Old Jewish Cemetery is without a doubt the great religious scholar and teacher Judah Loew ben Bezalel, known as Rabbi Loew (d. 1609), who is associated with the legend of the Golem. Among the many other prominent persons buried in the Old Jewish Cemetery are: the Mayor of the Jewish Town Mordechai Maisel (d. 1601), the Renaissance scholar, historian, mathematician and astronomer David Gans (d. 1613), scholar and historian Joseph Solomon Delmedigo (d. 1655), and rabbi and collector of Hebrew manuscripts and printed books David Oppenheim(d. 1736).

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2. The old new synagogue in Prague... from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Old New Synagogue (Czech: Staronová synagoga; German: Altneu-Synagoge) situated in Josefov, Prague, is Europe's oldest active synagogue. It is also the oldest surviving medieval synagogue of twin nave design.

Completed in 1270 in gothic style, it was one of Prague's first gothic buildings. A still older Prague synagogue, known as the Old Synagogue, was demolished in 1867 and replaced by the Spanish Synagogue.

The synagogue was originally called the New or Great Synagogue and later, when newer synagogues were built in the 16th century, it became known as the Old-New Synagogue.
Golem of Prague

It is said that the body of Golem (created by Rabbi Judah Loew ben Bezalel) lies in the attic where the genizah of Prague's community is kept. A legend is told of a Nazi agent during World War II broaching the genizah, but who perished instead. In the event, the Gestapo apparently did not enter the attic during the war, and the building was spared during the Nazis' destruction of synagogue.  The lowest three meters from the stairs leading to the attic from the outside have been removed and the attic is not open to the general public.

3. Restoration of -the baroque synagogue in Jicin... by Samuel D. Gruber (ISJM), June 20, 2008

Following nearly eight years (2001-2008) the restoration of the magnificent Baroque synagogue in Jicin, North Bohemia ( Czech Republic) is complete. The Prague Jewish Community will officially open the bulding on June 19, 2008. The restoration project is part of a continuing effort by the Czech Jewish Community to reclaim, protect and preserver its historic cultural and artistic heritage.

A Jewish settlement is known to have existed in Jicin in the second half of the 14th century, but Jews were expelled from the town in 1542-45 and again in 1557—63. The now restored synagogue was erected in 1773, more than a century after Jews are known to have been readmitted to the town. According to Dr. Arno Parik of the Prague Jewish Museum, „ this is an exceptionally pure example of a small, late baroque synagogue.“It is a rectangular building, approximately 12,5 meters long and 8,2 meters wide. Smaller windows are set in the west (façade) and east walls. The vivid wall paintings- mostly in reds and blues- have been restored to their 1840 appearance.
 
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 The synagogue of Jičín


 
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