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Yom Hashoa by Gilberte Jacaret

From the Jewish Virtual Library


Establishment of the Holiday

The full name of the day commemorating the victims of the Holocaust is "Yom Hashoah Ve-Hagevurah"— in Hebrew literally translated as the "Day of (remembrance of) the Holocaust and the Heroism." It is marked on the 27th day in the month of Nisan — a week after the end of the Passover holiday and a week before Yom Hazikaron (Memorial Day for Israel's fallen soldiers). It marks the anniversary of the Warsaw Ghetto uprising.

The date was selected in a resolution passed by Israel's Parliament, the Knesset, on April 12, 1951. Although the date was established by the Israeli government, it has become a day commemorated by Jewish communities and individuals worldwide. The day's official name - Holocaust and Heroism Remembrance Day - was made formal in a law enacted by the Knesset on August 19, 1953; on March 4, 1959, the Knesset passed another law which determined that tribute to victims of the Holocaust and ghetto uprisings be paid in public observances.

Yom HaShoah in Israel

In the early 1950s, Israeli education about the Holocaust (Hebrew: Ha-Shoah, The Catastrophe) emphasized the suffering inflicted on millions of European Jews by the Nazis. Surveys conducted in the late 1950s indicated that young Israelis did not sympathize with the victims of the Holocaust, since they believed that European Jews were "led like sheep for slaughter." The Israeli educational curriculum began to shift the emphasis to documenting how Jews resisted their Nazi tormentors through "passive resistance" — retaining their human dignity in the most unbearable conditions — and by "active resistance," fighting the Nazis in the ghettos and joining underground partisans who fought the Third Reich in its occupied countries.

Since the early 1960's, the sound of a siren on Yom Hashoah stops traffic and pedestrians throughout the State of Israel for two minutes of silent devotion. The siren blows at sundown and once again at 11:00 A.M. on this date. All radio and television programs during this day are connected in one way or another with the Jewish destiny in World War II, including personal interviews with survivors. Even the musical programs are adapted to the atmosphere of Yom Hashoah. There is no public entertainment on Yom Hashoah, as theaters, cinemas, pubs, and other public venues are closed throughout Israel.

Jewish Culture #203 by Gilberte Jacaret

After 500 years, Catalonia's Haggadahs Come Home
Everything's illuminated at new Jewish liturgical manuscripts exhibit in Barcelona

BY RONIT TREATMAN March 22, 2015, 3:19 am
Source: Times of Israel


In the 14th Century, Catalonia was the home of one of the most cultured Jewish communities in the world. It is here that some of the most famous illuminated haggadahs were commissioned. However, when in 1492, the Catholic monarchs issued the Alhambra Decree, Jews were officially expelled from the kingdoms of Castile and Aragon, and the Jews there had two choices: either convert to Catholicism, or flee.

Although Catalonia's haggadahs left with their Jewish owners in 1492, from March 26 through July 5 some of these famous liturgical works will be on show at "home" in an exhibit at the Barcelona Museum of History.Illuminated manuscripts are texts written by hand, and decorated with enlarged letters, ornamental borders, and miniature illustrations. Originally, only those manuscripts that were ornamented with gold and silver were considered "illuminated" or "lit up." In modern scholarship, any manuscript that is embellished, from both the Islamic and Western traditions, is considered illuminated.


Jewish Culture #202 By: Gilberte Jacaret

Shanghai Museum Unveils Wall Commemorating WWII Jewish Refugees

Untitled1Ynetnews, March 18, 2015

Some 20,000 Jewish refugees fled Europe for China during World War II: 'Shanghai was the only city that opened its gates for Jewish refugees. We will never forget what this city has done for us.' Shanghai Jewish Refugees Museum unveiled Tuesday a 34-meter long wall engraved with the names of 13,732 Jews who fled the horrors of Nazi Europe during World War II to find refuge in China. According to Chinese news agency Xinhua, the wall was built on the grounds of the former site of Ohel Moshe Synagogue. The commemoration wall was unveiled a day before China marked the 69-year anniversary for its victory over Japan. "The list of names is very meaningful as all these refugees survived extremely difficult days during the war and found refuge in Shanghai," said Sonja Muhlberger, 75-year old activist who was born to a family of Jewish refugees in Shanghai in 1939.


Gilberte Jacaret's new book is now available at FNAC (in French)

Gilberte Jacaret's new book is now available at FNAC! (in French)

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La Dialectique de l'ironie et du lyrisme dans " Alcools " et " Calligrammes " de G. Apollinaire
Gilberte Jacaret (Auteur)
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Quand le juif errant rencontre Apollinaire et Herzl puis traverse le XXème siècle
Gilberte Jacaret (Auteur)
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La dialectique du beau et du laid dans Le poète assassiné et Calligrammes de G. Apollinaire
Gilberte Jacaret (Auteur)
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ePub | Publibook | juillet 2012
La dialectique du beau et du laid dans Le poète assassiné et Calligrammes de G. Apollinaire


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Rich History Unearthed in Jerusalem: Gold Treasure With Jewish Menorah Found Near Temple Mount

Archaeological digs on the Ophel have occurred on and off since the middle of the 19th century. But only in recent years have royal structures been uncovered in Jerusalem that closely correlate to the biblical descriptions of King Solomon's massive building projects in the books of Kings and Chronicles.
In the most recent phase of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem Ophel excavations, this past summer, Eilat Mazar and her team set out to uncover more remains from the Solomonic period–and they did. But no one expected the most stunning discovery of all to come in the first week of the dig, after excavators had barely broken through the surface of a new area.


JEWISH CULTURE N° 200 by Gilberte Jacaret

Leaders reject Netanyahu calls for Jewish mass migration to Israel
Israeli prime minister's offers in wake of recent attacks blasted as politically motivated and disappointing by politicians and Jewish leaders

'Israel is the home of every Jew,' says Israel's prime minister, Binyamin Netanyahu.

The Guardian, Feb.16, 2015 Peter Beaumont in Jerusalem

European leaders have rejected calls by the Israeli prime minister, Binyamin Netanyahu, for Jews to migrate en masse to Israel, pledging to ensure their safety at home.
Following shootings in Copenhagen at the weekend, Netanyahu echoed remarks he made after the Paris attacks on Charlie Hebdo and a kosher supermarket in January, saying on Sunday: "This wave of terror attacks can be expected to continue, including antisemitic and murderous attacks. We say to the Jews, to our brothers and sisters, Israel is your home and that of every Jew. Israel is waiting for you with open arms."


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