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Culture & History

THE HERZL MUSEUM IN JERUSALEM                            
Theodore Herzl is buried on Mount Herzl, which also houses the Herzl Museum and the graves of other famous Israeli leaders.

Herzl was born in Budapest, but moved to Vienna as a young man. There, he became a respected journalist and playwright. Although a fervent secularist, Herzl was profoundly shocked by the Dreyfus affair.

Herzl became convinced that the only solution to anti-Semitism was the establishment of a Jewish state.

In 1897, Herzl organized the First Zionist Congress in Basel, Switzerland, and worked tirelessly in support of his cause until his death in 1904.

                                                                    Herzl's tomb in Jerusalem

Mt. Herzl is adjacent to Yad Vashem and the military cemetery. In addition to Herzl's tomb, Yitzhak Rabin and his wife, Golda Meir, and many other Israeli dignitaries are buried here.
The Museum is located just inside the entrance to Mt. Herzl. It includes a replica of Herzl's study and features a very well done audio-visual presentation on the history of Zionism. Although the museum is small, it is very informative.


Works of art stolen by the Nazis: compromising notebooks . . . .

44 notebooks were discovered in an auction house. They contain a list of works confiscated during the war, as well as the names of their buyers!
The Weinmüller auction house flourished during the war thanks to the art works confiscated from German Jewish families.
Photo ©Martin Bureau / AFP

Source: Le Point.fr – published 30 April 2013
Article written by Philippe Sprang

Pandora’s box was opened in a well-known auction house. The Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung broke the story in Germany on 18th March.  While looking through a cupboard in the offices of the Neumeister auction house, an employee chanced upon 44 small forgotten notebooks. These were catalogues detailing sales that had been organised between 1936 and 1945 by Weinmüller, a Munich institution which had prospered during the war thanks to the works of art stolen from German Jewish families as part of the forced sale and Aryanisation of property. Everybody had assumed that these documents, listing the names of buyers, had been destroyed. In fact they had remained hidden.


Archeological dig in Cologne
OFER ADERET, HAARETZ, translation Gilberte Jacaret

1-Archeological dig in Cologne unearths ancient Jewish history - and exposes layers of prejudice
The citizens of Cologne, known as a city of churches, were happy to have an excavation in their town - until it started turning up evidence of a first century Jewish quarter.
Haaretz, By Ofer Aderet| 06.04.13
Latent Anti-Semitism Has Caused Pushed Back on Project


 “We are fighting over history here,” said Dr. Sven Schuette, as we toured an archaeological dig in this city in western Germany in late March. “They claim the Jews fell from the sky, that they are merely guests here, who came and left. But what can you do, the findings we discovered in the field prove otherwise,” he added excitedly, as he pointed out the ancient synagogue and ritual bath that were uncovered in the heart of the city in recent years.


The twentieth convoy
by Gilberte Jacaret (source Wikipedia)

convoi 20
Memorial commemorating the successful Resistance attack on the Twentieth convoy to Auschwitz
Transport 20 (XXth convoy) was a Jewish prisoner transport in Belgium organized by Nazi Germany during World War II. Members of the Belgian Resistance freed Jewish and Gypsy civilians who were being transported by train from the Dossin Barracks located in Mechelen, Belgium to the Auschwitz concentration camp. It was the biggest action in Europe of a rescue of Jews on a train to Auschwitz.


By Gilberte Jacaret

Warsaw Ghetto Uprising
(April 19-May 19, 1943)

holo 1Photo from Jürgen Stroop's report to Heinrich Himmler from May 1943 and one of the best-known pictures of World War II.
The original German caption reads: "Forcibly pulled out of dug-outs."

From the Jewish Virtual Library, by Mitchell Bard

In 1942, Hitler decided to liquidate the ghettos and, within 18 months, had the more than two million Jews who’d survived the ghettos deported to death camps.
The Germans ordered the Jewish “police” in the Warsaw ghetto to round up people for deportation. Approximately 300,000 men, women, and children were packed in cattle cars and transported to the Treblinka death camp where they were murdered. This left a Jewish population of between 55,000 and 60,000 in the ghetto.


ghetto 1Rafal Leskiewicz, in charge of the Polish Institute of National Memory presents the Nazi report on the annihilation of the Jewish Ghetto in Warsaw. © Image Globe


On Wednesday April 17th, 2013 the Polish Institute of National Memory (IPN) presented one of the two original copies of the report by the German commander of the Jewish Ghetto in Warsaw, SS General Jürgen Stroop, on the annihilation of the ghetto in April-May 1943.

This copy of the report, entitled by its author “Es gibt keinen jüdischen Wohnbezirk in Warshau mehr” (there is no longer a Jewish quarter in Warsaw), was addressed, in May 1943 to the SS Chief, Heinrich Himmler.

“This report documents how the Germans destroyed the ghetto in April and May 1943. It is a unique document presented on the 70th anniversary of the Ghetto Uprising”, stated Rafal Leskiewicz, one of the people in charge of IPN.

“It is also a direct insight that shows how the Germans committed war crimes by killing thousands of Jews. It is a unique report with texts and photos documenting the complete process of extermination of the Jewish population in the Warsaw Ghetto” he added.

The document contains 31 daily reports, written between April 20th and May 16th, 1943, and 53 photos illustrating the actions of the German forces.

The report contains, among others, the famous photo of a boy with his hands up, that became the world symbol of the suffering of Jews in the Warsaw Ghetto.

ghetto 2A second copy of the report, addressed to Adolf Hitler, is in the American archives.


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