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European Day of the Jewish Culture and Heritage

PRESS REVIEW N°482 By Gilberte JACARET



Israeli judoka Yarden Gerbi wins bronze at Rio Olympics

Athlete is first Israeli medalist since 2008 games, second female winner in history; Netanyahu, Rivlin congratulate her: 'Today you are our hero'
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By TIMES OF ISRAEL STAFF


The "Anti-Normalization" Campaign and Israel's Right to Exist
by Khaled Abu Toameh • August 8, 2016 at 5:00 am

  • For many Arabs and Muslims, the conflict with Israel is not about a withdrawal to the pre-1967 lines. These opponents have no intention of recognizing Israel's right to exist, even if it allows for the creation of an independent and sovereign Palestinian state in the West Bank, Gaza Strip and East Jerusalem. A leading cleric, Dr. Ali Daghi, Secretary-General of the International Muslim Scholars, wrote: "There is a consensus among Muslims, in the past and present, that if an Islamic land is occupied, then its inhabitants must declare jihad until it is liberated from the occupiers."
  • "Anyone who calls for peace with the Zionists should be brought to trial for high treason. Normalization is treason." — Ramzi Al-Harbi, Saudi writer.
  • Let us be clear: these are not fringe voices. This is mainstream Arab and Islamic society. What bothers them is not the "normalization" with the "Zionist entity," but the fact that Israel exists. For the masses, jihad against Israel is the solution, not another peace initiative endorsed by unelected Arab dictatorships.

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Retired Saudi general Dr. Anwar Eshki (center, in striped tie) and members of his delegation, meeting with Knesset members and others during a visit to Israel, on July 22, 2016. (Image source: Twitter)

Arabs and Muslims are up in arms over a controversial visit to Israel by a retired Saudi general, Dr. Anwar Eshki, who is being accused of promoting "normalization with the Jews and the Zionist entity." If "normalization" with Israel is being denounced as a major crime and sin, one can only imagine what "peace" with Israelis would be considered in the Arab and Islamic countries.

General Eshki and a delegation of Saudi academics and businessmen met with Israeli Foreign Ministry Director-General Dore Gold, the Coordinator of Government Activities in the Territories (COGAT), Maj.-Gen. Yoav Moderchai and several Knesset members from the opposition. The Saudi delegation also travelled to Ramallah, where its members met with Palestinian Authority (PA) President Mahmoud Abbas and other Palestinian officials........


UK: A Tale of Two Inquiries
by Soeren Kern, August 2, 2016 at 6:30 am

Turkey Sets Ultimatum for EU Migrant Deal
"Erdoğan is openly pursuing the Islamization of Europe"

  • Turkey has threatened to back out of an agreement to stem the flow of migrants to the European Union if Turkish nationals are not granted visa-free travel to the bloc by October.
  • Europe is trapped in a no-win situation. European officials say that although Turkey has fulfilled most of their conditions, it has failed to relax its stringent anti-terrorism laws, which are being used to silence critics of President Erdoğan, especially since Turkey's failed coup on July 15.
  • The German newspaper Bild recently reported a confidential plan to house all migrants arriving from Turkey on Greek islands. Public transportation between those islands and the Greek mainland would be cut off to prevent migrants from moving into other parts of the EU.
  • "No matter how uncouth, how merciless, how unscrupulous Western countries act, they have no chance of keeping the migration flows under control." — Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, quoted by German journalist Wolfram Weimer.

Turkey has threatened to back out of an agreement to stem the flow of migrants to the European Union if Turkish nationals are not granted visa-free travel to the bloc by October.
Although Turkish officials have repeatedly threatened to renege on the March 18 EU-Turkey deal, this is the first time they have set a deadline.

If the EU approves the visa waiver, tens of millions of Turks will gain immediate and unimpeded access to 26 European countries. If the EU rejects the visa waiver, and Turkey retaliates by reopening the migration floodgates, potentially millions of migrants from Africa, Asia and the Middle East could begin flowing into Greece this fall. Europe is trapped in a no-win situation.

The migration deal, which entered into force on June 1, was hastily negotiated by European leaders desperate to gain control over a crisis in which more than one million migrants poured into Europe in 2015.
Under the agreement, the EU pledged to pay Turkey €3 billion ($3.4 billion), grant visa-free travel to Europe for Turkey's 78 million citizens, and restart accession talks for Turkey to join the bloc. In exchange, Turkey agreed to take back all migrants and refugees who reach Greece via Turkey.

Turkish officials have repeatedly accused the EU of failing to keep its end of the bargain.

In a July 25 interview with the German television broadcaster ARD, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan said that Turkey had so far received only €2 million of the promised €3 billion: "European leaders are dishonest," he said. "We have stood by our promise. But have the Europeans kept theirs?"

The EU insists that the €3 billion must be transferred through the United Nations and other international aid agencies in accordance with strict rules on how the money can be spent: "Funding under the Facility for Refugees in Turkey supports refugees in the country," the EU said in a statement. "It is funding for refugees and not funding for Turkey."

In a July 31 interview with the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlüt Cavusoglu stressed that the Turkish government wants the EU to set a "specific deadline" for lifting the visa requirements: "It can be early or mid-October but we are waiting for an exact date," he said.

Cavusoglu said that his words are "not a threat," but added that "if there is no lifting of the visa restrictions, we will be forced to abandon the agreement struck on March 18."
Under the agreement, European officials promised to fast-track visa-free access for Turkish nationals to the Schengen (open-bordered) passport-free zone by June 30, and to restart Turkey's stalled EU membership talks by the end of July 2016.

To qualify for the visa waiver, Turkey had until April 30 to meet 72 conditions. These include: bringing the security features of Turkish passports up to EU standards; sharing information on forged and fraudulent documents used to travel to the EU and granting work permits to non-Syrian migrants in Turkey.

European officials say that although Turkey has fulfilled most of their conditions, it has failed to comply with the most important one: relaxing its stringent anti-terrorism laws, which are being used to silence critics of Erdoğan, especially since Turkey's failed coup on July 15.

European Commissioner Günther Oettinger recently said he did not believe the European Union would grant visa-free travel for Turkish citizens this year due to Erdoğan's post-coup crackdown.
Turkish authorities have arrested more than 15,000 people in connection with the coup attempt, and at least 60,000 civil servants, teachers, journalists, police officers and soldiers have been fired or suspended from various state-run institutions.

Turkey's EU accession talks also have run aground after Erdoğan threatened to reinstate the death penalty in Turkey. Oettinger said: "The death penalty is irreconcilable with our order of values and our treaties. No country can become a member state of the EU if it introduces the death penalty."

Erdoğan has indicated he is no longer interested in EU membership: "We'll go our way, you go yours," he said.

Meanwhile, Greek officials report a significant increase in the number of migrants arriving in Greece from Turkey since the coup attempt. Observers say Erdoğan is using the migrant flows to pressure Greece to extradite eight Turkish officers who participated in the coup and fled across the border to Greece. Athens has refused to hand them back.

As the migrant deal unravels, European officials are discussing a "Plan B." The German newspaper Bild recently reported a confidential plan to house all migrants arriving from Turkey on Greek islands in the Aegean Sea. Public transportation between those islands and the Greek mainland would be cut off to prevent migrants from moving into other parts of the European Union.

The plan, which Bild says is being discussed at the highest echelons of European power, would effectively turn parts of Greece into massive refugee camps for many years to come. It remains unclear whether Greek leaders will have any say in the matter.

The European Union now finds itself in a Catch-22 situation. Large numbers of Muslim migrants will flow to Europe regardless of whether or not the EU approves the visa waiver.


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Thousands of newly arrived migrants, the vast majority of whom are men, crowd the platforms at Vienna West Railway Station on August 15, 2015 -- a common scene in the summer and fall of 2015. (Image source: Bwag/Wikimedia Commons)

Critics of visa liberalization fear that millions of Turkish nationals may end up migrating to Europe. The Austrian newsmagazine, Wochenblick, recently reported that 11 million Turks are living in poverty and "many of them are dreaming of moving to central Europe."

Other analysts believe Erdoğan views the visa waiver as an opportunity to "export" Turkey's "Kurdish Problem" to Germany. According to Bavarian Finance Minister Markus Söder, millions of Kurds are poised to take advantage of the visa waiver to flee to Germany to escape persecution at the hands of Erdoğan: "We are importing an internal Turkish conflict," he warned. "In the end, fewer migrants may arrive by boat, but more will arrive by airplane."

In a refreshingly perceptive essay, Wolfram Weimer, a well-known German journalist, wrote that Erdoğan is exploiting Europe's strategic weaknesses to advance Turkish imperialism and his goal of Islamizing the continent:
"A few days ago Erdoğan said: 'No matter how uncouth, how merciless, how unscrupulous Western countries act, they have no chance of keeping the migration flows under control.' In short, he sees mass migration as a political weapon to put Europe under pressure. In diplomatic and military circles, the word that has been circulating for months is 'migration weapon' because the Turkish secret service has been deliberately and massively promoting the migration of Muslims to Europe.
"Turkey now earns tremendous amounts of money on all sorts of migration services and has allowed the refugee industry to blossom. At the same time Erdoğan is openly pursuing the Islamization of Europe. With its religious authority Diyanet [a branch of the Turkish government's Directorate for Religious Affairs that runs hundreds of mosques in Europe], Europe (and especially Germany) are being Islamized in a planned manner; the refugees play a key role, as do mosques, to give a 'home' to the faithful in a foreign land.
"Erdoğan's favorite quote comes from a poem by Ziya Gökalp [1876-1924, a father of Turkish nationalism]: 'The mosques are our barracks, the minarets are our bayonets.' Erdoğan sees himself both domestically and internationally as a religious cultural warrior — as the patron saint of Islamist expansion."
Soeren Kern is a Senior Fellow at the New York-based Gatestone Institute. He is also Senior Fellow for European Politics at the Madrid-based Grupo de Estudios Estratégicos / Strategic Studies Group. Follow him on Facebook and on Twitter. His first book, Global Fire, will be out in 2016.

Coup-Weary Turkey: Directionless and Insecure
by Burak Bekdil • August 8, 2016 at 4:00 am
 The more Ankara feels distant to Washington, the more it will want to feel closer to Moscow.
As Western leaders call on President Erdogan to respect civil liberties and democracy, Erdogan insists he will consider reinstating the death penalty: "The people have the opinion that these terrorists [coup-plotters] should be killed. Why should I keep them and feed them in prisons for years to come?"

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Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan is attempting to repair badly damaged relations with Russia, even as he slams his NATO ally, the United States, almost daily, and accuses the U.S. military of supporting the coup attempt against him. Pictured: Russian President Vladimir Putin (left) with Erdogan (then Prime Minister), meeting in Istanbul on December 3, 2012. (Image source: kremlin.ru)
Turkey once boasted of having NATO's second biggest army, equipped with state-of-the-art weapons systems. That powerful army now lacks command: After the failed coup of July 15, more than 8,500 officers and soldiers, including 157 of the 358 generals and admirals in the Turkish military's ranks, were discharged. The top commanders who were purged had made up 44% of the entire command structure. Prime Minister Binali Yildirim said that the military's shipyards and weapons factories will be transferred to civilian authority; military high schools and war academies have been shut; military hospitals will be transferred to health ministry; and the gendarmerie, a key force in anti-terror operations, and the coast guard will be tied to the interior ministry.


Germany's Migrant Rape Crisis Spirals out of Control

Suppression of data about migrant rapes is "Germany-wide phenomenon."
by Soeren Kern August 9, 2016 at 5:00 am

  • Germany's migrant rape crisis has now spread to cities and towns in all 16 of Germany's federal states. Germany now finds itself in a vicious circle: most of the perpetrators are never found, and the few who are frequently receive lenient sentences. Only one in 10 rapes in Germany is reported and just 8% of rape trials result in convictions, according to Minister of Justice Heiko Maas.
  • Up to 90% of the sex crimes committed in Germany in 2014 do not appear in the official statistics, according to André Schulz, the head of the Association of Criminal Police.
  • "There are strict instructions from the top not to report offenses committed by refugees. It is extraordinary that certain offenders are deliberately NOT being reported about and the information is being classified as confidential." -- High-ranking police official in Frankfurt, quoted in Bild.
JEWISH CULTURE 247 by Gilberte Jacaret


Noah's Ark, splitting of Red Sea appears in newfound mosaic at ancient synagogue

Huqoq excavations in Galilee reveal more parts of 'most extensive series of biblical stories' from 5th century, archaeologist says
THE TIMES OF ISRAEL BY ILAN BEN ZION July 8, 2016

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A fish swallows an Egyptian soldier in a mosaic scene depicting the splitting of the Red Sea from the Exodus story, from the 5th-century synagogue at Huqoq, in northern Israel. (Jim Haberman/University of North Carolina Chapel Hill)


Excavations at a late-Roman era synagogue in the Galilee have unearthed more staggering mosaics depicting biblical scenes, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill announced this week.
The ongoing dig at the 5th-century CE Huqoq Synagogue has previously uncovered brilliant floors featuring people, beasts and heroes from antiquity never before seen in ancient Jewish houses of worship.
The excavation carried out by the Israel Antiquities Authority and UNC is now in its sixth summer and has revealed even more incredible artwork.

The new sections of the decorated floor feature two unmistakable biblical scenes: Noah's Ark and the parting of the Red Sea from the Exodus story.
"The panel with Noah's Ark depicts an ark and pairs of animals, including elephants, leopards, donkeys, snakes, bears, lions, ostriches, camels, sheep and goats," the university said in a statement. "The scene of the parting of the Red Sea shows Pharaoh's soldiers being swallowed by large fish, surrounded by overturned chariots with horses and chariot drivers."

"These scenes are very rare in ancient synagogues," Jodi Magness, the UNC professor who has headed the dig, said in a statement. "The only other examples that have been found are at Gerasa/Jerash in Jordan and Mopsuestia/Misis in Turkey (Noah's Ark), and at Khirbet Wadi Hamam in Israel and Dura Europos in Syria (the parting of the Red Sea)."

The first section of the mosaic floor, found in 2012, depicted Samson setting the Philistines' fields ablaze with flaming foxes, and in 2013 a panel was revealed showing Samson carrying off the gates of Gaza. In 2013 Magness's team discovered the first non-biblical scene featuring elephants, possibly showing Alexander the Great's army, the full extent of which was uncovered in 2014. In 2015 a Hebrew inscription surrounded by human figures, animals and mythological creatures including cupids came to light.


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The Huqoq synagogue's 5th-century mosaic, with the upper register showing a war elephant. (Jim Haberman)

"This is by far the most extensive series of biblical stories ever found decorating the mosaic floor of an ancient synagogue," said Magness. "The arrangement of the mosaics in panels on the floor brings to mind the synagogue at Dura Europos in Syria, where an array of biblical stories is painted in panels on the walls."
The mosaics have been removed from the site for preservation, researchers said.
Magness's team plans to conduct additional excavations at Huqoq in 2017.

Auschwitz Album
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Hungarian Jews on the Judenrampe (Jewish ramp) after disembarking from the Holocaust trains. Photo from the Auschwitz Album (May 1944)
The Auschwitz Album is a unique photographic record of the Holocaust of the Second World War. A collection of photographs taken inside a Nazi German death camp, it is the only surviving pictorial evidence (with the exception of four surreptitious photographs taken by Sonderkommandos) of the extermination process from inside the Auschwitz-Birkenau Nazi concentration camp.
The identity of the photographer has never been determined. They may have been taken by either Ernst Hoffmann or Bernhard Walter, two SS men responsible for fingerprinting and taking photo IDs of those prisoners who were not selected for extermination.

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Article by Peter Werner, President of the B'nai B'rith Tolerancia Lodge, Bratislava

rabbi shatam sofer memorial



In the framework of the European Day of Jewish Heritage, B'nai B'rith Lodge Tolerance has continued its tradition of opening doors of the world-famous rabbi Chatam Sofer Memorial to a wide public. The memorial is located at the site of the first Jewish cemetery in Bratislava and the original tomb of Chatam Sofer which survived the removal of a large part of the cemetery during WWII. Another site opened on this occasion was the orthodox synagogue of Bratislava and the Bratislava Community Museum presenting the history of the Bratislava Jewish community in the women's gallery of the synagogue.

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Capture decran 2014-09-29 a 18.13.36

There are practically no Jews today in Burgenland, this eastern most province of Austria. This is in sharp contrast to the years before the Anschluss of March 1938 when Jews lived relatively happily, notably in the well known seven communities, the sheba kehillot. Eisenstadt, one of these seven Jewish communities, and today the capital of Burgenland, is recorded as having a fully developed Jewish community in the Middle Ages with a synagogue, a mikveh and a rabbinate. At a time when Jews were being driven out of cities like Vienna in the 17th Century, they were welcomed in Eisenstadt and in the other towns of the sheba kehillot by Prince Paul Esterhazy from whom they received a letter of safe conduct in 1690. They became the Esterhazy Schutzjuden, in his protection, for which, of course, they had to pay a tax. The Esterhazy protection of the Jews passed down from generation to generation and resulted in Jews being attracted to the area in increasing numbers.

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European Day of Jewish Culture 2013 in Belgrade

Article by Branko Snap, President of the B'nai B'rith Lodge Serbia

For the seventh time, the B'nai B'rith Lodge of Serbia organized and funded the celebration of the European Day of Jewish Culture. This year it was a concert given by the Jewish Chamber Orchestra and the Serbian-Jewish Choral Society of Baruch Brothers.

The Jewish Chamber Orchestra was founded in 2012 by Professor Ladislav Mezei in cooperation with the B'nai B'rith Lodge Serbia of which he is a member. The orchestra members are Jewish professional musicians and their friends. The orchestra is established with the aim to show to its environment the music of Jewish and non-Jewish composers who wrote on Jewish themes. Performances are related to the tradition, culture and history of the Jewish community of Serbia as part of Jewish Europe.

The Serbian-Jewish Choral Society Baruch Brothers from Belgrade was founded by the Jewish Community of Belgrade in 1879 as the Serbian Jewish Choral Society. After the Second World War, in 1952, the society renewed its work, adding to its name the memory of the three brothers from the Baruch family from Belgrade who perished in the Holocaust. It is believed to be the oldest active Jewish choir in the world, constantly performing both at home and abroad.

This year's concert was given at the Kolarac University, Belgrade's most prestigious concert hall. It was attended by over 800 people including the representatives of the Republic of Serbia, City of Belgrade, foreign embassies, celebrities and other public figures. All of the concerts have been free of charge.

Members of other lodges of B'nai B'rith Europe can enjoy this concert by watching the video hereunder




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