» Il n'y a pas de traduction disponible pour cet article.PRESS REVIEW N°441By Gilberte JACARETLe World Trade Center en bleu blanc rouge par solidarité avec ParisAFPWelcome to World War Three
The Paris attack is directly tied to events in Syria and Iraq; this was not an intelligence failure but rather the failure of the West to see itself as in a total war vs. radical Islam.Ynet, Nov.14, 2015 Ron Ben Yishai
It is time that we came to the realization: we are in the midst of World War III. A war that will differ from the others but will take place all over the globe, on land, air and sea. This is a war between jihadist Islam and Western civilization; a war between radical Islam and all those who refuse to surrender to its values and political demands.
This war will, of course, have to be fought on the ground – with American, British and French divisions and tanks that will fight in Syria and Iraq, but also with security measures taken at border crossings and by special forces and intelligence agencies in Belgium, France and Germany as well as in the Philippines, China and Russia. This war will be conducted on the Mediterranean Sea as well as in the air with combat aircraft bombarding concentrations of ISIS and al-Qaeda fighters across Asia and Africa and security measures taken at airports and passenger aircraft worldwide. This is what the third world war will look like, which Israel has been a part of for a while now.
Indications from the Paris attack immediately pointed to Islamic State, and after they took responsibility for it – it is possible to discern the strategy set forth by the organization: Painful blows of terror at targets easy for them to operate in and which allow them to claim a mental victory with minimal effort and risk.Paris terror attack
One can identify the beginning of the current offensive with the Russian plane explosion over Sinai three weeks ago. The Paris attack was directed according to the same strategy. It is likely that the attack had been planned over many months, but the background is the same as that of the plane attack: ISIS is now taking heavy blows in Syria and Iraq and is losing several of its important outposts in the heart of the Islamic caliphate it wants to establish.
Therefore ISIS is attacking its enemies' rear and Europe, as usual, is the first to get hit. ISIS and al-Qaeda prefer striking in Europe because it is considered the cradle of Christianity and Islamic fundamentalist organizations still see it as the homeland of the Crusaders, who just as in the past, are at present waging a religious and cultural war on Islam. France and Paris were chosen as a target as France stood at the forefront of the cultural and religious struggle against radical Islam. It is also the easiest target to attack.Why France?
France was the target of a combined assault of radical Islam not just because it has a tradition of human rights and freedom of movement, but because France and French culture symbolize everything that radical Islam is afraid of and is in an all-out war against. France enacted a ban on women to wear the hijab in public places, the Supreme Court allowed the magazine Charlie Hebdo to publish caricatures of the Prophet Muhammad and President Francois Hollande recently refused Iranian President Rouhani's request to not have alcohol served at a dinner in his honor. All these are challenges to the jihadists that no one else in the West have yet dared emulate. So that is the primary reason that France mourns the murder of at least 129 people.French headlines: "This time it's war", "War in central Paris"
The second reason is that France has the biggest and most established Muslim population in Europe that lives in large urban concentrations, mostly poor neighborhoods. These are ideal soil for the preaching of radical Islam in neighborhood mosques. The terrorists yesterday spoke French fluently and one can assume that at least some were French citizens of North African descent and other Muslim countries in Africa and Asia. They could thus assimilate into the population to choose destinations, collect information about them and flee from them after their attack.
It was not clear if all the terrorists were suicide bombers or whether some of them escaped. That is why the French government imposed a partial curfew and ordered troops into the streets in many cities, the same measures taken by Israel when the current wave of terrorism began. The aim is that the very presence of many security personnel can deter copycat attacks or the continuation of ongoing attacks.
The third reason is the fact that France is in the heart of Western Europe and it is surrounded by states with large Muslim immigrant communities. The freedom of movement between European countries as per the Schengen Agreement allows the jihadists to utilize these communities to both find terrorist fighters who have been through the baptism of fire in the Middle East and to smuggle weapons required to perform attacks.One of the wounded in the Paris attack (Photo: Reuters)
Huge quantities of arms and ammunition arrive in Europe from Libya via Sicily, Malta, Greece and many other places. These Libyan weapons move like a deadly wave through Europe, are available to anyone interested in them and can be moved about without any difficulty, as we have seen in previous attacks, from state to state. The same is true with explosives, although terrorists are able to manufacture explosives from local products - acetone and hydrogen peroxide, for example. The information is available to everyone, and Hamas had already shown during the second intifada how to equip a terrorist with an explosive belt containing homemade explosives which are no less deadly. A similar process took place in Iraq, and now France is taking a hit from it.
Another reason for choosing France is that it is considered the center of and the pinnacle of European culture and it is to a great extent a world city of the first order. Therefore the attack there has the greatest effect on people's consciousness. Horror is effectively spread. It appears that the attackers were equipped with the pages of messages that declared so that those victims who survive would be able to cite to a media thirsty for every detail. "You bomb us in Syria and we bomb you in Paris," was heard.
Terror victim in Paris attack (Photo: Reuters)
They also were dressed in frightening clothing, right out of a Hollywood horror movie, but the weapons and explosives were real. ISIS mixes the virtual world with the real world fluidly and this is the secret of its success and its appeal to young Muslims in the West.A change of perception needed
To carry out terrorist attacks in seven different locations requires lots of time and elaborate organization. One has to plan, to stockpile weapons and explosives, choose targets, collect information about the targets ahead of the attack, recruit attackers some of whom are willing to die in suicide attacks and tour the scene of the attack and prepare nearby before the actual attack. Therefore, it is reasonable to estimate that the attack was planned and prepared months ago and was kept on hold for a strategically opportune moment.
We need to prepare for further attacks not only in France, but throughout Europe. To this end, Europe will need to resume full control its borders and will having to boldly deal with the dilemma of protecting human and individual rights versus the need to provide security. So far EU countries have preferred, and they can't be condemned for it, the individual liberty of citizens over the defense against terrorism. Now Europe and especially France will have to reach the conclusion that the most important individual right is the right to life.
There's no specific intelligence failure here but rather a total failure of perception that requires rethinking. The West will have to establish a joint intelligence apparatus that will perform assessments and issue immediate alerts - and this concerns not only France and Western Europe but also Russia, China and other countries. European countries will have to establish special forces and station them in large, as well as medium and small, urban concentrations to be able to react quickly to any warning or intelligence information.
The way Israel manages to gather intelligence and act on it quickly with the Border Police counter-terrorism unit and Shin Bet's operational unit must serve as a model. It is clear that European bureaucrats, EU officials, will at first oppose the adoption of this model - but reality will probably force it upon them. They also will have to enact legislation to enable the mechanisms set up for intelligence gathering and rapid reaction to decisively prevent attacks before they occur and handle them quickly if they have already started to take place.
The world war between murderous fundamentalist Islam and Western civilization - and basically anyone and anything not Muslim – will have to be waged without compromise and without half-steps on land, air and sea. Brussels may not like it - but we're all in the same boat. And no, the current wave of terrorism has nothing to do with the "occupation of Palestine".Three Teams of Coordinated Attackers Carried Out Assault on Paris, Officials Say; Hollande Blames ISISFrom : New York Times, By ADAM NOSSITER, AURELIEN BREEDEN and KATRIN BENNHOLD NOV. 14, 2015
PARIS — Three teams of Islamic State attackers acting in unison carried out the terrorist assault in Paris on Friday night, officials said Saturday, including one assailant who may have traveled to Europe on a Syrian passport along with the flow of migrants.
"It is an act of war that was committed by a terrorist army, a jihadist army, Daesh, against France," President François Hollande told the nation from the Élysée Palace, using an Arabic acronym for the Islamic State. "It is an act of war that was prepared, organized and planned from abroad, with complicity from the inside, which the investigation will help establish."
As the death toll rose to 129 — with 352 others wounded, 99 of them critically — a basic timeline of the attacks came into view.
The Paris prosecutor, François Molins, said the attackers were all armed with assault rifles and suicide vests. Their assault began at 9:20 p.m. Friday, when one terrorist detonated a suicide bomb outside the gates of the soccer stadium on the northern outskirts of Paris. It ended at 12:20 a.m. Saturday when the authorities stormed a concert hall, the Bataclan. One attacker there was killed; two others detonated suicide vests. Inside the hall, 89 people, who had been listening to a rock band, had been shot to death.Photo
...The man with the Syrian passport — which Greek officials said had been registered at the Aegean island of Leros on Oct. 3 — was 25, and died at the stadium. Another assailant, who died at the concert hall, was 29 and a native of Courcouronnes, about 20 miles south of Paris. He had a criminal record and was known to be involved in extremist Islamic ideology, Mr. Molins said.
The hunt for possible accomplices of the terrorists gained steam on Saturday. Officials in Belgium announced three arrests, one of them linked to a rental car found in Paris. In Germany, the police were exploring whether a man they arrested last week with weapons in his car and his GPS navigator set for Paris was linked to the attacks. But it remained unclear how a plot of such sophistication and lethality could have escaped the notice of intelligence agencies, both in France and abroad.
Mr. Hollande declared three days of national mourning, and said that military troops would patrol the capital. France remained under a nationwide state of emergency.
Mr. Hollande vowed to "be unforgiving with the barbarians from Daesh," adding that France would act within the law but with "all the necessary means, and on all terrains, inside and outside, in coordination with our allies, who are, themselves, targeted by this terrorist threat."
The attacks, and the possibility that the Islamic State was to blame, promised to further traumatize France and other European countries already fearful of violent jihadists radicalized by the conflicts in Syria and elsewhere.
The possibility that one of the attackers was a migrant or had posed as one is sure to further complicate the already vexing problem for Europe of how to handle the unceasing flow of people from Syria, Iraq, Afghanistan and elsewhere. It could also lend weight to the xenophobic arguments of right-wing populists like Marine Le Pen, the leader of the National Front party, who on Saturday held a news conference to declare that "France and the French are no longer safe."
Mr. Hollande actively stepped up French participation in the military air campaign in Syria at the end of September. Just last week, France attacked oil operations under the Islamic State's control in Syria. On Oct. 8, it conducted a targeted strike against militants in Raqqa, Syria, apparently against Salim Benghalem, a Frenchman fighting for the Islamic State.
The attacks, and the threat of the Islamic State, are likely to dominate a summit meeting of leaders of the Group of 20 nations that starts on Sunday in Turkey. President Obama will attend; Mr. Hollande is staying in Paris and sending representatives.
Paris, stricken by shock and grief, remained in a state of lockdown, with public transportation hobbled and public institutions — schools, museums, libraries, pools, food markets — closed. Charles de Gaulle Airport remained open, but with significant delays because of tighter passport and baggage checks.
The archbishop of Paris, Cardinal André Vingt-Trois, said he would celebrate a Mass at the Cathedral of Notre-Dame on Sunday for the victims, their families and France. "Our country has once again known pain and mourning and must stand up to the barbarism propagated by fanatical groups," he said......
The death toll far surpassed that of a massacre at the satirical newspaper Charlie Hebdo and related attacks by Islamic extremists around the French capital in January. Friday's attacks were the deadliest in Europe since the 2004 train bombings in Madrid, which killed 191 people. And it prompted Mr. Hollande to pronounce a state of emergency, the first time in France since 2005, when riots rocked downtrodden urban areas across the country.
Parisians were left struggling to make sense of their new reality.....
Chancellor Angela Merkel of Germany gave an emotional national address on Saturday pledging solidarity with the French government and people, and calling on Europeans to stand together in defiance of an attack on the liberties the Continent represents.
"We, your German friends, we are so close with you," said Ms. Merkel, dressed in black. "We are crying with you. Together with you, we will fight against those who have carried out such an unfathomable act against you."
"Those who we mourn were murdered in front of cafes, in restaurants, in a concert hall or on the open street. They wanted to live the life of free people in a city that celebrates life," she said, her voice breaking. "And they met with murderers who hate this life of freedom."
The French foreign minister, Laurent Fabius, meeting on Saturday in Vienna with Secretary of State John Kerry and other top diplomats to discuss the continuing crisis in Syria, said the attacks highlighted the urgency of the talks. "It is more necessary than ever in the current circumstance to coordinate the international fight against terrorism," he said.
In the United States, there was no sign of a direct threat to American cities, but the F.B.I. was reviewing cases involving the Islamic State as a precaution. The F.B.I. will send a team of agents to Paris to assist with the investigation, law enforcement officials said.France outlaws Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions (BDS)
Without any legal doubt, the simple call to boycott Israeli products is totally illegal in France and severely punished.
Two judgments of the French Supreme Court Cour de Cassation) of October 20 make France one of the few countries in the world, and the only democracy where the boycott call by movement associations or citizen to criticize the policy of a third State is prohibited.
On October 20th, France's Supreme Court judged the call to boycott Israeli products illegal. The Supreme court confirmed the condemnations by the Court of Appeal of Colmar (East of France) of 14 BDS militants who had called for boycott in Carrefour retailed hypermarket to pay 28 000 euros of damages and a suspended fine of 1 000 euros each.
The French Supreme Court Cour de Cassation considered boycott "a provocation to discrimination, or hatred or violence towards a person or a group of persons because of their origin or belonging to an ethnical group, a nation, a race or a determined religion" (article 24, §8, of the French Press law).
Only state boycotts, i.e. embargos are legal.
In their decision, the judges declared that freedom of expression can be under restrictions or sanctions as necessary measures in a democratic society to defend the order and protect the rights of the others.
The BDS lawyer said he is determined to bring the case to the European Court of Human Rights, under article 10 of the European convention of human rights on freedom of expression.Netanyahu returns with progress on Iran, Syria while Palestinian issue remains dead-lockedJerusalem Post, Nov.13, 2015
During their meeting at the White House, Netanyahu and Obama laid the groundwork to prepare a Memorandum of Understanding to replace the one that expires in 2017.
Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu returned to Israel from Washington on Thursday reporting progress on reaching a new 10-year Memorandum of Understanding with the US to provide Israel with additional military aid.
With a handshake and a smile in the Oval Office, he left with the impression that he has put behind him a year of public acrimony with US President Barack Obama on the Iran deal.
"It was a successful trip," an Israeli official said. "We had a very good meeting with the president and we discussed ways to expand our [security] coordination with the administration in different areas to deal with regional threats."
Netanyahu is working to forge a united front with the US to contain Iran's aggressive behavior in the region and ensure its compliance with the limits the deal places on its nuclear program.
During their meeting at the White House, Netanyahu and Obama laid the groundwork to prepare a Memorandum of Understanding to replace the one that expires in 2017.
The existing memorandum provides Israel with $3.1 billion annually in military assistance. Netanyahu wants to expand that to $5b. a year, but the official said that this is only the beginning of the process with the US and no assurances were given with regard to monetary sums during this trip.
"We started the mechanism to work on the [new] MOU," the official said.
A US team is due to visit Israel in the coming weeks to assess its security needs in light of increased regional threats, including the growing Iranian presence in Syria.
This assessment will be made by "defense officials and experts on both sides," the official said, adding that Israel's need would be examined on a case-by-case basis.
Netanyahu also clarified for the Obama administration his three critical positions on Syria, which he summarized as follows on his Facebook page: "Israel will not allow Iran to set up a second front in the Golan Heights. Israel will not allow the Syrian Army or anybody else to use Syrian territory to attack us," he wrote. "Israel will not allow Syrian territory to be used for the transfer of game-changing weapons to Hezbollah in Lebanon."
Aside from security, Netanyahu took time on the trip to rebrand himself as an Israeli leader who can have bipartisan relations with Democrats and Republicans.
He also looked to show the Jewish community that he stands for inclusion and religious equality.
During his battle over the Iranian deal, he was accused of creating a bipartisan rift in the Jewish community by publicly siding with Republicans against the president.
On this trip, he played to all ends of the political spectrum.
"We are sending a message that Israel is bipartisan. We want to speak to people on the progressive side of American politics. That dialogue is crucial for us," an Israeli official said.
Aside from addressing the annual General Assembly of the Jewish Federations of North America, the premier also addressed a conservative think tank, the American Enterprise Institute, as well as a progressive one, the Center for American Progress. He also met with senators from both sides of the aisle.Gatestone InstituteSelective Outrage on Campus
by Alan M. Dershowitz • November 12, 2015 at 5:30 am
Following the forced resignations of the President and Provost of the University of Missouri, demonstrations against campus administrators has spread across the country. Students – many of whom are Black, gay, transgender and Muslim – claim that they feel "unsafe" as the result of what they call "white privilege" or sometimes simply privilege. "Check your privilege" has become the put-down du jour. Students insist on being protected by campus administrators from "micro-aggressions," meaning unintended statements inside and outside the classroom that demonstrate subtle insensitivities towards minority students. They insist on being safe from hostile or politically incorrect ideas. They demand "trigger warnings" before sensitive issues are discussed or assigned. They want to own the narrative and keep other points of view from upsetting them or making them feel unsafe......Dieter Reiter, the mayor of Munich, has told the city's Jewish community leader that municipal space will not be allocated to anti-Israel events...
Munich mayor bars use of city hall for anti-Israel event
Dieter Reiter, the mayor of Munich, has told the city's Jewish community leader that municipal space will not be allocated to anti-Israel events.
There will be "no more city support for such events [Boycott, Divestment, Sanctions]," Reiter told Charlotte Knobloch, the head of Munich's 9,500 member Jewish community.
Munich's government had provided municipal building space for a lecture from German advocates of BDS [Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions] covering the development and effect of the anti-Israel economic movement.
After Knobloch requested that Reiter intervene to pull the plug on the BDS lecture, he refused, stating, according to his spokesman Stefan Hauf, the mayor "does not have a basis to cancel the event.
According to the cultural representative, the event is merely a lecture, and a call to boycott is not planned."
Reiter, according to an article in the Süddeutsche Zeitung, asked the city's cultural representative to conduct a review of the local government's sponsorship of anti-Israel events.Eliette Abécassis : No one is more French than the Jews
Jews have contributed to French culture for 2,000 years but rampant anti-Semitism is forcing them to bring their ideals and values to their ancient homeland.
By Elliette Abécassis, published in Yedioth Aharonot October 20, 2015
In my latest book, "Aliyah," the heroine Esther Vidal is torn apart by the doubts and questions that have been tormenting the Jews of France for years now. These questions have become a daily preoccupation for her. This is reflected in feelings of discomfort and anxiety when she has to explain to her children why they should not reveal their Jewishness in public spaces.
This is the situation in which we find ourselves stuck. Having to hide like the Marranos. Like Esther, my family is also originally from Spain. The Inquisition and the expulsion from Spain are part of our historical memory, as well as her ancestors' past in Morocco, where the Jews lived as dhimmis - protected and humbled at the same time. But she knows that they found the country to be kind and that they had friendly, even warm, relations with the Muslims. "What happened?" she asks herself. "What is happening to us?"
The steps taken by the government following the attacks in January 2015 and the forceful and sincere words of Prime Minister Manuel Valls, who rightly said that "France without its Jews is not France," can reassure the community and encourage it to stay in France. But how long can we live under the protection of the army and in a society that is becoming more and more hostile towards Jews?
And I do not just mean Islamists, but also the media's anti-Israel obsession and the widespread anti-Zionism throughout the political spectrum - from the extreme Right to the extreme Left. Let us not be mistaken: every society reinvents its anti-Semitic worldview. In the Middle Ages the Jews killed Jesus. In the 1930s they were the inferior race. Today, the reason is Israel.
The rise of anti-Semitism, I think, is always a symbol of a deep social crisis. The current crisis we have known for a long time. The Republic's Lost Zones, a book edited by Emmanuel Brenner that was published 15 years ago, points out all the elements that led to this crisis. He starts with the suburbs and spreads out to the whole society, and there was nothing done to put a stop to the attack on the French Republic's values.
The government has given up on all fronts, especially on education. Recently the government cancelled Latin and Greek classes, which are the basis of our language and culture. Twenty years of compromise, concessions and even surrender, as the author Michel Houellebecq writes, led us into this disaster. I do not expect things to get better, and that is why I am distressed.
I am distressed because I love France. France is my country. I am a French writer, I appreciate the beauty of the language, I am nurtured by the French culture which has forged my being. France is also the land of the Jews. There are traces of Jewish presence in southern France beginning in 70 AD. In other words, no one is more French than the Jews...