Culture & Histoire

When it comes to Israel, is François Fillon friend or foe?

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When it comes to Israel, is François Fillon friend or foe?
An examination of statements by France's Republican presidential candidate on Israel, Middle East conflicts, and the Jewish community

BY GLENN CLOAREC November 29, 2016, 6:49 am


PARIS — This Sunday, some 4.6 million French voters at 10,228 poling stations across France paid two euros each and signed a "charter of right-wing and centrist values" to cast their ballots in a decisive French center-right presidential primary election.

FREE SIGN UP!By evening, François Fillon was declared winner with 66.5 percent of the vote, beating his rival, Alain Juppé, nearly two-to-one. Fillon is now the favored candidate ahead of the May 2017 French presidential elections.

During his tenure as minister and Prime minister, the current deputy of Paris expressed himself on many occasions on a variety of topics of interest to the greater Jewish world, including the French Jewish community, the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, and the war in Syria. His statements could at times be described as hostile.

Though the austere man was sequestered from major controversy during the campaign, since winning the first round of primaries last week, he has been criticized in the press for past declarations.
On Wednesday morning, a new controversy broke out when Fillon, who was invited to speak to Europe 1 radio, compared the French Jewish community with the rise of Islamic fundamentalism in the country.
"Fundamentalists are in the process of holding the Muslim community hostage. We must fight that fundamentalism in the way that in the past... we fought some forms of Catholic sectarianism and we fought the drive by Jews to live in a community that did not always respect all the values of the French Republic," he said. (It was unclear what precisely he was referring to.)

The Representative Council of French Jewish Institutions (CRIF) soon responded on Twitter.

"The law of the land is the law: this Talmudic adage has been imposed on Jews since ancient history and requires them to respect the laws of the country in which they live," the organization declared.
The Union of French Jewish students (UEJF) asked the politician to clarify himself and wondered about "the relevance of his remarks, which compared three phenomena that occurred at three different epochs and which reduces Jews, Muslims and Christians to three compact and indistinct religious communities."

'The insularity that once existed was not the Jewish citizens' choice, but the consequence of French society not accepting their peers'

Haïm Korsia, chief rabbi of France, had a phone interview with the former prime minister. The two men recently met at the Grand Synagogue of Paris where they paid homage to Shimon Peres after the Israeli politician's death.

"He insisted on reaffirming the French Jews' attachment to France and its national values, and their concern for integration into French society," explained Yaël Hirschhorn, his communications advisor.
"He also pointed out that the Jewish insularity that once existed was in no way Jewish citizens' choice, but the consequence of French society not accepting their peers at the time," she said.
The chief rabbi "also recalled the role of the Great Sanhedrin, which was set up by Napoleon in 1806, which is none other than the proclamation of the guarantee of being able to practice Judaism in compliance with the laws of the Republic," she added.

However Fillion's spokesman Jérôme Chartier said on i24news that the candidate's words were misunderstood.

"François Fillon is very clear on the fact that sectarian aberrations can exist in any religious movement. Everyone knows it exists. But he always welcomed French Jews' integration, which is not a new phenomenon considering the Consistory dates back from the Napoleonic era. [...] French Jews are as French as French Christians who are as French as French Muslims — except those of course who take part in Islamic fundamentalism and totalitarianism and whom we have to fight against," he explained.
A few hours later, François Fillon reacted to the polemic on Twitter.
"Some people have been trying to interpret a sentence I voiced on Europe 1 this morning," he said. "I never meant to call into question the Jewish community's attachment to our common values and to the respect of the rules of the Republic. This attachment is old and sincere. I therefore regret that some people dared to twist what I said."
During the last broadcasted debate three days before the first round of the primary, the deputy of Paris denounced "the rise of a totalitarian phenomenon" — radical Islamism — more adroitly.
It is the "rise of a political movement [...] which threatens world peace, which has genocidal ambitions and which wants to eradicate Christians living in the Levant and to oust Jews living in Israel," he declared.

A French soldier patrols in the Jewish quarter of the Marais district, Paris, January 12, 2015. (AFP/ Bertrand Guay)

Last Wednesday was not, however, the first time François Fillon stigmatized the French Jewish community.

'Religions should reflect upon keeping traditions that don't have much in common with today's state of science'

In July, when defending the postponement of some baccalaureate tests for Muslim students celebrating Eid-el-Fitr, he said on RTL radio that, "[Postponement of tests] has always been a French tradition. General de Gaulle is the one who amended that religious Jewish and Muslim French civil servants could choose not to work on important religious holidays.

"The main beneficiaries of this have never been Muslims, but French Jews, who are very intransigent on this issue. The truth is that very few Muslims ever took advantage of this amendment," he said.
He was also under heavy criticism in 2012 when he challenged the Orthodox Jewish custom of ritual slaughter. He was then Prime minister.
"Religions should reflect upon keeping traditions that don't have much in common with today's state of science, technology and health," he said on Europe 1 radio.
In addition to his polemical remarks about the Jewish community, Fillon has repeatedly provoked anger among French citizens sympathetic to Israel.
In November 2015, following the Paris attacks, he declared that he was in favor of a "global coalition" to fight against the Islamic State (IS) which would include Russian, Iranian, Iraqi and Syrian governments, Kurdish movements and the Shiite terrorist organization Hezbollah, whose senior officials he met in July 2013.

'We must support Iran, which is committed to combating IS'

"We must support Iran, which is committed to combating IS," he said on France Inter Radio. "I know many will comment on this point of view, especially in Israel. But for a question of survival, Israel has always known how to ally with people who do not respect international morals. And no one can blame them."

When interrupted by journalist Patrick Cohen, who reminded him that "Hezbollah's vocation is to annihilate Israel," Fillon replied that "letting Hezbollah threaten the State of Israel is out of the question."
"Despite the fact that Hezbollah is a force that physically holds Lebanon and prevents it from acquiring the institutions necessary to continue its democratic march, the position I am defending is no longer isolated, it is also the position of the French government," he added.
Shortly after, in March 2016, François Fillon went to Iran, ostensibly to discuss the economic and social situation in the country and the Middle East.
According to the statement his campaign team published on his website, he insisted to Iranian officials about "the need to build a common international strategy to defeat the Islamic State and to establish the way for a peace process in Syria. He advocated for the Lebanese cause and against the internal divisions and the lack of viable institutions that are threatening the country. He also reiterated the French position vis-à-vis its ally Israel, which is entitled to security and whose existence cannot be challenged. The Palestinians would otherwise not be able to enforce their legitimate right to a state."
Last Monday, on Facebook, following Fillon's victory on the the primary elections' first round, Jewish legislator Meyer Habib — who supported the losing candidate, former president Nicolas Sarkozy — expressed some concerns about this rapprochement with Iran and Hezbollah.

"François Fillon has very solid experience and an ambitious program on economic and social matters," Habib wrote. "But I feel concerned about Israel's foreign policy and security, and he adopted some conflicting positions on this matter. Though François Fillon recently gave proof of friendship to Israel — he notably opposed the BDS movement and denounced the UNESCO vote — I remain concerned about his desire for an alliance with Iran, the Syrian regime and the Hezbollah organization to fight against the Islamic State."
As Member of Parliament Habib pointed out, Fillon vociferously opposed the recent UNESCO vote about the adoption of a controversial resolution on Jerusalem holy sites.
"The recent resolutions are unacceptable and I understand they shocked some people. France should have voted against these unbalanced texts that deny the historical reality of Jerusalem. France does not have to take a side and rewrite the history of others. We must maintain a moderate and objective position to help resolve the conflict," Fillon told Elnet website.

When questioned about the Paris conference, which was announced last June to prelaunch the Israeli-Palestinian peace process, Fillon argued that "we should bring all sides back to the negotiating table so that everyone's interests could be heard."
'Organizing a peace conference in Paris without the concerned protagonists is nonsense'
"Palestinians have a legitimate right to a state," he added. "Israeli territorial integrity and security must also be respected. The negotiations over the past few years have been a failure. Organizing a peace conference in Paris without the concerned protagonists is nonsense. I am against unilateral recognition, but for a dialogue and for the common will to reach a territorial solution. I will personally get involved on this matter. There is a need for a coordination between the European Union and the United States in order to restore some trust between the different sides."
During a three-day visit to Israel in January 2014, Fillon had already supported the country's right to security. During his speech at the Netanya French Campus, he adopted a very pro-Israeli position.

Patrick Klugman, Harlem Désir, François Fillon and Pierre Lellouche, during the tribute paid to Shimon Peres at the Great Synagogue of Paris on September 29, 2016. (Glenn Cloarec / Times of Israel)

"I feel very honored to be your guest and to talk to the Israeli youth who are the soul of your amazing nation," he said. "Israel's fate and the region's stakes have always fascinated me. This is where the earliest and the most intense pages of humanity were written. I trembled for Israel during the Yom Kippur War. All nations have had to overcome issues to exist and to unite, but Israel is not a nation like any other."

After referring to the Holocaust, he explained that "the French Republic is and will always be uncompromising with anti-Semitism, as was recently the case with a humorist [Dieudonné M'Bala M'Bala] who said abject remarks. In France, anti-Semitism is not an opinion, it is an offense. Things are very clear for me: opponents of French unity and rapists of memory can not exploit freedom of speech."
"Because Israel has strong historical and moral ties with France and Europe, what affects you, affects us, and what torments you, torments us," he continued. "The existence of Israel is not debatable and its security is therefore not negotiable. Israel is our friend and ally and whoever threatened its existence would expose itself to our toughest response. To have peace, you need to know that France will always be on your side regarding your safety. Israel is the gateway to our own history. It is old Europe's friend and confidant," he concluded.

A few months later, in November 2014, despite these earlier words praising the Hebrew state, Fillon openly criticized the attitude of Israel on BFM TV. He explained that the country was "threatening world peace because it was delaying the creation of a Palestinian state" — a state he has pledged his desire to create since 2011.

"I am telling the Israelis that if they do not accept and if they do not understand that the creation of the Palestinian state is a sine qua non condition for peace in Middle East, they are not only taking risks for their long-term future, but they are also creating instability for the whole world. I think the situation in the Middle East is a threat to our own country's internal security," he said.

At the same time, however, he announced that he would not vote in favor of the resolution proposed by ecologists and socialist leaders who invited the French government to recognize the state of Palestine. He considered that this resolution "would have no effect, except perhaps to complicate the situation in Middle East."

In October 2015, the former Prime minister called on the international community to "put pressure on Israel" to make peace with Palestinians. "[Israel] is not going to be safe from the chaos that is taking hold of the Middle East," he declared on LCP TV.

"The idea that Israel could remain a peaceful and prosperous islet in the midst of this chaos is a crazy and false idea. We have to put pressure on Israel to resume the negotiation process and to let Israel liberate occupied territories. There will never be peace in Palestine if they are not willing to do this. Some settlements were established in total contradiction with commitments which were stated in previous agreements," he concluded.

On RMC radio a month later, he reiterated his call to put pressure on Israel for the resumption of the peace talks.

"The Palestinians are also responsible. The Hamas organization is unfortunately blocking the process and is not an interlocutor with whom one can easily find solutions," he said. "But at the same time, Palestinian territory is disappearing step by step because of the settlements. There is no solution in Israel without a Palestinian state."
'The Hamas organization is unfortunately... not an interlocutor with whom one can easily find solutions'
He also defended the idea of labeling products made in Judea, Samaria and the Golan during the interview — a measure that had been approved a few days earlier by the European authorities.
"It is very modest compared to what Europe should do," he said.
However, in February 2016, when the campaign for the primary elections had already begun, he declared during a debate organized by the CRIF organization that he did not have a "lesson to give to Israel because [he] was not living there."

Hopefuls take part in the first televised debate between the seven candidates for France's right-wing presidential nomination ahead of the 2017 presidential election, on October 13, 2016 at the studios of French private television channel TF1, north of Paris. (AFP PHOTO / POOL / Martin BUREAU)
"I am not against Israel but I am committed to the creation of a Palestinian state. I want peace," he argued. "There is a tendency to be tougher with Israel because it is a strong, organized and powerful country."
He also declared he was finally opposed to the labeling of Israeli products.
'There is a tendency to be tougher with Israel because it is a strong, organized and powerful country'
With these various statements and positions, we can legitimately wonder how Fillon would position his government on issues concerning Israel and Middle East if he is elected president of the French Republic after the second round of voting, on May 7.
As his recent remarks tend to suggest, would he really try to resume harmonious relations between France and Bashar al-Assad, Iran and Hezbollah to defeat the Islamic State while continuing to defend Israel's security and integrity?
If he chooses to adopt such a strategy, it can be feared in the worst case that none of the concerned parties will give him any confidence and credibility. In the meantime, we can still wonder whether François Fillon is Israel's friend or enemy.




Le 7 novembre 1938, Herschel Grynszpan, Juif polonais d'origine allemande qui habite Paris et veut protester contre la récente expulsion des Juifs polonais vivant en Allemagne par-delà la frontière polonaise, se présente à l'ambassade d'Allemagne et blesse mortellement Ernst Vom Rath, secrétaire d'ambassade.

Pour les nazis, ceci sera le prétexte au déclenchement de la « Nuit de Cristal ».

A l'annonce de l'attentat contre Vom Rath, la presse allemande développe à l'envi le thème de la conspiration juive mondiale et menace de sévères représailles.

Le 9 novembre au soir à Munich, Goebbels prononce un discours violent d'incitation aux représailles devant les chefs nazis. La SA donne alors l'ordre à ses troupes d'incendier systématiquement toutes les symboles de la vie juive.

En Allemagne et Autriche, près d'une centaine de Juifs sont assassinés, arrêtés, plusieurs sont gravement blessés, des femmes sont violées. La communauté juive est condamnée à payer une amende de un milliard de marks pour avoir causé ces dommages « en provoquant la juste colère du peuple allemand ». Elle sera prélevée sur les 7 milliards d'avoirs juifs bloqués depuis avril 1938.

Le bilan est très lourd : destruction de 267 synagogues en Allemagne, de nombreuses maisons communautaires, de milliers de lieux privés (maisons, appartements et commerces). A ces destructions matérielles s'est ajouté l'assassinat de 91 Juifs, l'arrestation et la déportation de 30 000 hommes à Dachau et Buchenwald. Dans les semaines qui suivent, la communauté juive est secouée par une vague de suicides sans précédents (680 dans la seule ville de Vienne), et la vague d'émigration vers l'Europe occidentale et la Judée-Samarie s'accélère.

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Intérieur de la Synagogue de la Fasanenstrasse à Berlin après la nuit de cristal

Allemagne: un groupe d'extrême-droite diffuse une carte des lieux juifs sur Facebook

La police allemande a annoncé ce jeudi enquêter sur la publication mercredi, jour du 78e anniversaire de la Nuit de Cristal, d'une carte de Berlin sur un groupe Facebook d'extrême droite indiquant près de 70 adresses d'organisations juives. «Une plainte pour incitation à la haine raciale a été déposée», selon un porte-parole de la police à Berlin.

Repérée mercredi soir par une organisation de lutte contre l'extrême-droite, le MBR, cette carte recensait près de 70 lieux juifs à Berlin (synagogues, garderies, écoles, monuments ou encore restaurants) sur fond rouge et avec l'inscription en écriture gothique «Juifs parmi nous». Elle a été publiée sur le groupe Facebook d'extrême droite des «Forces libres de Berlin-Neukölln (FKBN)» 78 ans après le pogrom perpétré par les nazis contre les Juifs dans la nuit du 9 au 10 novembre 1938. Cet après-midi, ni le groupe ni la carte n'étaient plus visibles sur le réseau social.

Une enquête lancée contre Mark Zuckerberg

«Les autorités judiciaires doivent prendre ces menaces au sérieux», a estimé Bianca Klose, chef de projet au MBR. La Nuit de Cristal «a été le prélude de la persécution systématique des juifs en Allemagne, qui a ensuite conduit à l'Holocauste», a rappelé le député CDU Martin Patzelt sur sa page Facebook, qualifiant la carte d'«insupportable».

Ce député a également critiqué la politique de Facebook, qui permet ce genre de publication «sous couvert de la liberté d'expression». Ce réseau social est régulièrement accusé en Allemagne d'être trop tolérant vis-à-vis des contenus racistes. La justice allemande a justement annoncé cette semaine l'ouverture d'une enquête visant le patron de Facebook après le dépôt d'une plainte pour «incitation à la haine». La procédure en est encore à un stade préliminaire.

Source :, 10 novembre 2016

Le président allemand remémore le pogrom nazi de 1938 lors de l'inauguration d'une nouvelle synagogue

11 novembre

Le président allemand Joachim Gauck, a remémoré les milliers de victimes du pogrom nazi, il y a 78 ans et a choisi de faire construire une synagogue dans la ville de Cottbus, en Allemagne orientale.
« Aujourd'hui, je suis venu à Cottbus pour connaître une bonne Allemagne », a déclaré le président allemand dans l'ancienne église protestante, convertie en synagogue, en 2015.
Gauck a salué l'engagement des bénévoles et les commanditaires qui ont permis à l'Etat fédéral de Brandebourg la première synagogue depuis la Shoah.
Selon le président, cette synagogue, située dans la zone piétonne est un symbole de la façon dont peut aussi être l'Allemagne.

JEWISH CULTURE 249 by Gilberte Jacaret

» Il n'y a pas de traduction disponible pour cet article.


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99 Dizengoff st.
Tel Aviv, 64396


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Showing now!

Between the Private and Public Domains in Bauhaus and International Style Buildings in Tel Aviv

Book edited by Micha Gross
Photographs by Michael Craig Palmer and Ingrid Botschen

A photographer and architect cross thresholds to photograph the intermediate spaces between the public and private domains, between the exterior and interior of International Style and Bauhaus buildings in Tel Aviv.

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The center includes a gallery that hosts changing exhibitions about Bauhaus architecture and design, the city of Tel Aviv and contemporary art, design and architecture. The exhibitions travel, and they have been shown in Berlin, Frankfurt, Delft (NL) and London.

Permanent exhibition

We also hold a permanent exhibition called "Revival Of The Bauhaus In Tel Aviv", exposing 25 of Tel Aviv's Bauhaus buildings in various media including archive photography, architectural plans and drawings. This is a great place to get a first concept of the main ideas of "The International Style" and to begin to grasp its impact on Tel Aviv.

Showcase of exhibitions

The complete history of exhibitions that have taken place at the Center is displayed on the website, year by year. It includes architectural exhibitions as well as poster design, photography, drawings and paintings by various Israeli and international artists.

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FRAGMENTS OF A STYLE exhibition International Style Architecture in Tel Aviv

Yigal Gawze's photographs capture the abstraction, the simplicity and the optimism of early modernism in Tel Aviv.
He distils the essence of the Bauhaus to bring it alive in a modern city and concentrates on the subtle effects of natural light upon architecture, a technique that the masters of the modern movement themselves applauded.

Nonie Niesewand author and design editor was the architectural correspondent for The Independent newspaper.

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Fragments is a personal inquiry into the aesthetics of an architectural style which has largely defined the urban fabric of Tel Aviv.

The abstract geometry created by the white facades protruding into space against the backdrop of the blue sky was the point of departure for the project. It was counterbalanced and enriched by the focus on past craftsmanship, present in the fine detailing of the banisters, stairs and windows.

"I chose to focus on the fragment - an essential part of the structure, which carries within it the genetic code of the whole.

It was also an attempt to convey something of the utopia of the years which saw the building of the "White City". Only in the last part of the work, did I step back to deal with the whole building and its relationship to the street as part of the city."

Yigal Gawze, photographer


CULTURE JUIVE 230 par Gilberte JACARET  
Découverte du statut élevé de la femme juive dans l’antiquité  par Times of Israël
8 mars 2016 

Sceau Elihana bat Gael 
Un sceau datant d’il y a 2 500 ans, portant le nom « Elihana bat Gael » a été découvert lors de fouilles effectuées dans la Cité de David, située dans le parc national des Murailles de Jérusalem, rapporte l’Autorité israélienne des antiquités. Un autre sceau portant également un nom – « Saaryahou ben Shabenyahou » – a été découvert à proximité du premier artefact, mais sans provoquer le même émoi.

« La propriétaire du [premier] sceau bénéficiait d’un statut exceptionnel par rapport aux autres femmes de l’époque du Premier Temple : elle disposait du droit légal de faire des affaires et posséder des propriétés », affirment les responsables des fouilles, Dr Doron Ben-Ami, Yana Tchekhanovets et Salome Cohen. Et d’expliquer : « Les seaux personnels servaient à signer des documents et étaient généralement encastrés dans une bague portée par le propriétaire. Dans l’antiquité, ils indiquaient l’identité, la généalogie et le statut de leur porteur. »
Fouilles archeo
Vue générale du site – Crédit photo : Autorité israélienne des antiquités
Les deux sceaux portant des noms hébraïques ont été découverts dans un édifice qui servait de centre administratif à l’époque du Premier Temple, sur le site de fouilles situé dans le parking Guivati, à proximité de la Vieille Ville de Jérusalem. Les archéologues se félicitent de cette découverte : non seulement trouver des sceaux de cette période est relativement rare, mais en découvrir un portant un nom de femme est un véritable évènement. « Les sceaux appartenant à des femmes ne représentent qu’une infime proportion de ceux découverts jusqu’à présent. En effet, les femmes avaient généralement un statut économique inférieur, sauf exception. En fait, le nom Elihana n’apparaît pas dans la Bible et il n’y a pas d’autres informations sur l’identité de la femme, mais le fait qu’elle possédait un sceau témoigne de son statut social important », affirme le Dr Hagai Misgav de l’Université hébraïque de Jérusalem.
Les archéologues travaillent sur ce site depuis neuf ans, dans le cadre d’un projet impliquant l’Autorité israélienne des Antiquités, l’Autorité de la Nature et des Parcs et la Fondation de la Cité de David.

Catholics should not try to convert Jews, Vatican says in landmark document

» Il n'y a pas de traduction disponible pour cet article.

Pope francis

Catholics should not try to convert Jews and should work with them to fight anti-Semitism, the Vatican said Thursday in a major new document that drew the Church further from the strained relations with Judaism of the past.

The document, "A Reflection on Theological Questions Pertaining to Catholic-Jewish Relations," was issued by the Pontifical Commission for Religious Relations with the Jews, and approved by Pope Francis. It says Christianity and Judaism are intertwined, and that God never annulled his covenant with the Jewish people.

"The Church is, therefore, obliged to view evangelization to Jews, who believe in the one God, in a different manner from that to people of other religions and world views," it said.

"In concrete terms, this means that the Catholic Church neither conducts nor supports any specific institutional mission work directed toward Jews," said the document, adding that there was a "principled rejection of an institutional Jewish mission."

It also said Catholics should be particularly sensitive to the significance to Jews of the Holocaust and pledged "to do all that is possible with our Jewish friends to repel anti-Semitic tendencies."

"A Christian can never be an anti-Semite, especially because of the Jewish roots of Christianity," it said.

The document coincided with the 50th anniversary of a revolutionary Vatican statement that repudiated the concept of collective Jewish guilt for Jesus's death.

Until about 1960, prayers at Catholic Masses on Good Friday, the day commemorating the death of Jesus, labeled Jews "perfidious" and called for their conversion.

That prayer was eliminated from general use after the 1962-1965 Second Vatican Council introduced a new missal, or prayer book used at Masses.

In 2008, former Pope Benedict further reformulated the prayer used by the traditionalists to remove language Jewish groups found offensive, such as "the blindness of that people."

Thursday's document said Catholics should "bear witness to their faith in Jesus Christ also to Jews," but that they should do so in "a humble and sensitive manner, acknowledging that Jews are bearers of God's word..."

Rabbi David Rosen, the International Director of Interreligious Affairs for the American Jewish Committee, welcomed the new Vatican document.

Rosen and Dr. Edward Kessler of Cambridge University were invited to provide Jewish responses to the document following the approval of the document in the Vatican.

They joined Cardinal Kurt Koch and Father Norbert Hoffman, secretary of the Pontifical Commission for Religious Relations with the Jews, in addressing reporters.

"Nostra Aetate revolutionized Catholic teachings about Jews and Judaism," said Rosen.

"The new 'Reflection' document clearly repudiates replacement or supersessionist theology and expresses an increasing appreciation and respect for Jewish self-understanding, reflected in recognizing the place of Torah in the life of the Jewish people," said Rosen.

However, the rabbi expressed disappointment that the new document fails to acknowledge "the centrality that the Land of Israel plays in the historic and contemporary religious life of the Jewish people," and the groundbreaking role of Nostra Aetate in leading to the diplomatic accord between the Vatican and Israel.

"The establishment of full bilateral relations between the State of Israel and the Holy See – very much guided and promoted by Saint Pope John Paul II – was one of the historic highlights on the road since Nostra Aetate, reflecting more than anything else the fact that the Catholic Church had truly repudiated its portrayal of the Jewish people as condemned wanderers to be homeless until the final advent," Rosen said.

"Without Nostra Aetate, the establishment of these relations would surely not have been feasible," Rosen added.

He praised the new document's emphasis on the responsibility of educational institutions, particularly those that train priests to integrate into their curricula both Nostra Aetate and subsequent Holy See documents pertaining to Jews and Judaism.

"This remains the most notable challenge in taking the achievements from their Olympian heights down to the grassroots universally," he said.


CULTURE JUIVE 219 de Gilberte Jacaret


(Traduction de l'article du Yedioth Aharonot du 16 novembre 2015, par Gilberte Jacaret)

La mosaïque datant de la période romaine découverte lors de la construction du centre des visiteurs à Lod a été présentée mi novembre..


Une portion de la mosaïque.

Un sol couvert d'une mosaïque faite il y a 1700 années a été dégagé à Lod et présenté au public pour la première fois lundi dernier.
La mosaïque fut découverte alors qu'on construisait pour les visiteurs un centre qui devait présenter une autre mosaïque découverte au même endroit vingt ans auparavant.
La découverte se trouve dans une villa révélée lors de fouilles entreprises par l'Autorité Israélienne des Antiquités (AIA) entre juin et novembre 2014. Les fouilles se sont déroulées à Neve Yerek dans le voisinage de Lod, qui fut, au début, selon le Dr. Amir Gorzalczany, directeur des fouilles de l' AIA, une partie d'un quartier de riches maisons qui se trouvaient là pendant les périodes romaine et byzantine.

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Des archéologues travaillent sur la mosaïque de Lod (photo de la AIA)

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Une autre portion de la mosaïque.

En ce temps-là, Lod s'appelait Diopolis. C'était la capitale de la région jusqu'à ce qu'elle fût remplacée par Ramla après la conquête musulmane. Le bâtiment fut très longtemps utilisé selon le Dr.Gorzalczany.
Les fouilles habituelles ont exposé la partie sud du complexe auquel le Dr.Gorzalczany fait référence. Les trouvailles comprennent une grande cour dont le sol est recouvert d'une mosaïque et qui est entourée de portiques et aussi de morceaux de fresques. Selon le Dr. Gorzalczany, la qualité des images représentées dans la mosaïque indique une habileté artistique hautement développée.

On pourra voir la mosaïque qui fait 11 mètres sur 13, le mardi et le mercredi de 8h. à 16h. et le vendredi de 8h. à 13h.

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