Culture & Histoire


» Il n'y a pas de traduction disponible pour cet article.

By Gilberte JACARET


The Real Illegal Settlements
by Bassam Tawil

December 5, 2016 at 5:00 am

 While construction in Jewish settlements of the West Bank and neighborhoods of Jerusalem has long been carried out within the frame of the law and in accordance with proper licenses issued by the relevant authorities, the Palestinian construction is illegal in every respect.

 The Palestinian goal is to create irreversible facts on the ground. The sheer enormity of the project raises the question: Who has been funding these massive cities-within-cities? And why? There is good reason to believe that the PLO and some Arabs and Muslims, and especially the European Union, are behind the Palestinian initiative.

 The Jewish outpost of Amona, home to 42 families, is currently the subject of fiery controversy both in Israel and in the international arena. Apparently, settlements are only a "major obstacle to peace" when they are constructed by Jews.

 The EU and some Islamic governments and organizations are paying for the construction of illegal Palestinian settlements, while demanding that Israel halt building new homes for Jewish families in Jerusalem neighborhoods or existing settlements in the West Bank.

 The hypocrisy and raw malice of the EU and the rest of the international community toward the issue of Israeli settlements is blindingly transparent. Yet we are also witnessing the hypocrisy of many in the Western mainstream media, who see with their own eyes the Palestinian settlements rising on every side of Jerusalem, but choose to report only about Jewish building.
As the international community continues to slam Israel for construction in Jewish settlement communities, Palestinians are quietly engaging in massive construction of entire neighborhoods in many parts of the West Bank and Jerusalem. In addition to overlooking the Palestinian building project, the West has clearly been neglecting a crucial difference between the two efforts: while the construction in the Jewish settlements of the West Bank and neighborhoods of Jerusalem has long been carried out within the frame of the law and in accordance with proper licenses issued by the relevant authorities, the Palestinian construction is illegal in every respect.

In this behind-the-scenes endeavor, which does not meet even the most minimum standards required by engineers, architects and housing planners, the Palestinian goal is to create irreversible facts on the ground.

A quick tour of the areas surrounding Jerusalem from the north, east and south easily exposes the colossal construction that is taking place there. In most cases, these high-rise buildings are slapped together without licenses or any adequate planning or safety concerns.

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An example of massive illegal Palestinian construction near Shufat and Anata, on the northeastern outskirts of Jerusalem.

The Jewish outpost of Amona in the central West Bank, home to 42 families, is currently the subject of fiery controversy both in Israel and in the international arena. In 2006, the High Court of Israel ruled that the outpost is illegal under Israeli law because it lies on private Palestinian land. In 2014, the High Court ordered the government to evacuate and demolish the entire outpost within two years.
In Israel, as Amona demonstrates, no one is above the law. Israel boasts an independent judiciary system that is second to none.

Yet as the debate in Israel intensifies over the fate of Amona, the Palestinians are making a mockery of laws and building regulations by embarking on massive construction of illegal neighborhoods and buildings. Apparently, settlements are only a "major obstacle to peace" when they are constructed by Jews.

In recent years and continuing to the present, the Palestinians, with the aid of Western donors for whom only Jewish construction is anathema, are working night and day to create irreversible facts in the form of not just single-family houses, but masses of giant high-rise buildings. The sheer enormity of the project raises the question: Who has been funding these massive cities-within-cities? And why? There is good reason to believe that the PLO and some Arabs and Muslims, and especially the European Union are behind the Palestinian initiative.

Ironically, this has been taking place even when it means that the Palestinians have been stealing land from our own people.
The Palestinian building is taking place mostly in what is called Area C of the West Bank, which, under the terms of the Oslo Accords, is supposed to be under exclusive Israeli control. The building has also been mushrooming in many neighborhoods -- even in entire villages -- surrounding Jerusalem from the north, east and south, leaving the city with only one option: to expand towards the west, thereby building a giant collar of cement effectively to surround and choke off Jerusalem from the Jews.
Recently, entire Arab neighborhoods with crowded high-rises have shot up around Jerusalem. Only a handful of steps separate some of the buildings, and most lack proper sewage systems. Apartment prices range from $25,000 to $50,000 USD. These are ridiculous prices compared with the real costs of apartments in both Arab and Jewish (legal) neighborhoods in Jerusalem. Today, it is almost impossible to purchase a three-room apartment in the city for less than $250,000 USD.

The new neighborhoods are located in Kufr Akab, Samiramis, Kalandya, Beit Hanina, Shufat, Ras Khamis and Anata in the north of Jerusalem.
In the southern and eastern parts of the city, new neighborhoods have emerged with noticeable suddenness in Ras Al-Amoud, A-Tur, Al-Zaim, Jabal Mukaber, Um Tuba and Jabal Mukaber. These areas fall within the municipal boundaries of Jerusalem. However, failing to halt the illegal construction and leaving the city besieged from north, east and south, Jerusalem Municipality officials admit that Israel will have lost the war against illegal Palestinian construction unless immediate action is taken.
Alarmed by the ongoing illegal construction, Jerusalem Mayor Nir Barkat recently took the unprecedented measure of petitioning the High Court to allow the city to demolish 14 illegally built structures in east Jerusalem.

Most importantly, there is no housing crisis for the Arab population; it is not an Arab housing crisis that is prompting this spree of illegal Palestinian construction. Rather, the goal is political: to show the world that Jerusalem is an Arab, and not a Jewish, city. By and large, the apartments remain empty: there is simply no real demand.
Who is behind the unprecedented wave of illegal construction? According to Arab residents of Jerusalem, many of the "contractors" are actually land-thieves and thugs who lay their hands on private Palestinian-owned land or on lands whose owners are living abroad. But they also point out that the EU, the PLO and some Arab and Islamic governments are funding the project.
"They spot an empty plot of land and quickly move in to seize control over it," said a resident whose land was "confiscated" by the illegal contractors.
"They tell you if you don't like it, go to court, knowing that by the time the legal procedures are over they would have succeeded in building another tall building and even selling some of the apartments.
"Many Arab land owners feel helpless. They tell us that it is their national duty to build as much as they can on any empty land, otherwise the Jews would be building there."
Palestinians estimate that in the past few years they have managed to build more than 15,000 illegal housing units in areas surrounding Jerusalem as part of a plan to encircle the city. The construction continues to this moment, unabated. Partial funding comes from the Palestinian Authority (PA) and some Arab and Islamic countries These countries include Qatar, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Kuwait and other oil-rich countries in the Gulf. However, the Palestinians continue to complain that the Arab and Islamic funding is below expectations.
In Area C, a stretch of land accounting for 60% of the West Bank, the European Union, which bitterly condemns construction in Jewish settlements as illegal, openly funds illegal constructioncarried out by Palestinians. The EU argues that its support for Palestinian construction falls under the category of "humanitarian relief" and is permissible under international law.
The EU's real goal is to help the Palestinians create these irreversible facts on the ground ahead of any possible future peace deal between the Palestinians and Israel. It is aimed at facilitating the mission of the Palestinians to seize as much land as possible, even if that means funding illegal construction or providing mobile homes to Palestinian communities in this area.
In short, it is the EU and some Arabs and Muslims who are paying for the construction of illegal Palestinian settlements, while demanding that Israel halt building new homes for Jewish families in Jerusalem neighborhoods or existing settlements in the West Bank.
The hypocrisy and raw malice of the EU and the rest of the international community toward the issue of Israeli settlements is blindingly transparent. Yet we are also witnessing the hypocrisy of many in the Western mainstream media -- those dozens of correspondents who see with their own eyes the Palestinian settlements rising on every side of Jerusalem, but choose to report only about Jewish building.
Forty-two Jewish families in Amona have the world riveted, but what does the world think about the Palestinian land-grab? It is time to call out this treachery, this illegality and this double-standard, and demand that the Palestinians also cease the construction of illegal settlements, which are designed with one aim in mind: to pre-determine the outcome of any future peace deal.
Bassam Tawil is based in the Middle East.

Cop stabbed with screwdriver, lightly hurt in Jerusalem attack

East Jerusalem child with head wound says he was also struck by the assailant in the capital's Old City; attacker shot dead
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What you need to know about our new F-35

Published on: December 5, 2016

2016 is a year of momentous events around the world. The IAF continues this trend with its landing of the F-35. This is what you need to know about the IAF's newest asset.
One of Two
Israel is the first to receive the state-of-the-art jet outside of the USA. The IAF has sent two delegations to America to learn about the plane, and how to best utilize its capabilities.
The IAF is receiving a total of 50 jets within the next few years. The first two are being flown from America and are landing on December 12, 2016. The others will be shipped by sea, including a test plane which will arrive in 2019.

The F-35 is one of a kind. Its stealth technology allows our pilots to carry out top-secret missions without tipping off the enemy. Within 20 seconds of takeoff, a team on the ground can see the route data of the jet, letting the pilot fly at his or her best while knowing that they've got support on the ground.

As the Middle East grows more and more unstable, and as groups that threaten to destroy us race to stockpile weapons, we need to stay a step ahead of the game. The F-35 gives us the edge we need to take on groups and armies with even the most advanced technology.

Israel's Edge
Once the F-35 lands in Israel, it will be all our own. The IAF is adding its own systems to the jet, bringing a touch of the Start Up Nation to this already state-of-the-art plate. All maintenance and testing of the plane will be done in Israel, and the planes are projected to be operational in about one year.
Posted in Air Force, IDF Units, Updates and tagged in f-35, f-35i, IAF, IDF, Israel Air Force.

PM hails Azerbaijan cooperation as beacon of Jewish-Muslim coexistence

During Netanyahu's historic visit to Baku, Azeri leader says his country has bought some $5b in weapons from Jewish state

BY RAPHAEL AHREN December 13, 2016, 5:00 pm 7

BAKU, Azerbaijan — Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu on Tuesday hailed Israel's multi-billion dollar military cooperation with Azerbaijan as a positive example of Muslim-Jewish coexistence.
"Israel is the Jewish state and Azerbaijan is a Muslim state with a large Muslim majority," Netanyahu said after meeting with Azeri President Ilham Aliyev. "Here we have an example of Muslims and Jews working together to promise a better future for both of us."

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Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu (L) meets with Azerbaijan President Ilham Aliyev at Baku's Zagulba Palace on December 13, 2016. (Haim Zach/GPO)

A secular state that has long had warm relations with Israel, the overwhelmingly Muslim Azerbaijan is one of Israel's main trading partners, buying weapons systems and providing the Jewish state with the lion's share of its oil.

"The world sees so much intolerance and darkness, this is an example of how the Muslim-Jewish relationship can and should be everywhere," Netanyahu said on the first leg of his historic two-day visit to Muslim-majority countries in bid to further develop security, economic, and diplomatic ties.

Netanyahu in his remarks also noted the growing cooperation between the two countries in the energy, agriculture, IT and education sectors.

At the press conference, Aliyev said that Baku has purchased nearly $5 billion in Israeli weapons over the years.

"We actively cooperate in the area of defense industries. This cooperation has lasted for many years already," Aliyev told Israeli and Azerbaijani reporters at Baku's Zagulba Palace.

"To give you one figure to illustrate how broad this cooperation is, so far the contracts between Azerbaijani and Israeli companies with respect to purchasing of defense equipment is close to $5 billion. To be more precise, $4.85 billion."

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Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu (L) greeted by Azerbaijan President Ilham Aliyev at Baku's Zagulba Palace on December 13, 2016. (Haim Zach/GPO)

Though most of the military contracts have already been executed, Aliyev said there was room for increased partnerships with Israel.
Two Israeli officials said they were surprised that Azerbaijan chose to reveal exact figures detailing its defense deals with Israel.
Earlier this year, Armenian forces claimed Baku deployed Israeli-made kamikaze drones in a battle against them in the ongoing fighting over the disputed Nagorno-Karabakh territory.
According to reports, Baku is interested in acquiring Israel's Iron Dome missile defense system, a deal that was likely to be discussed during Netanyahu's visit.
"We're very satisfied with the level of this cooperation," Aliyev told reporters.

Nearly 98 percent of Azerbaijan's 10 million inhabitants are Muslim, the vast majority of them Shiites, along with a tiny, 20,000-member Jewish minority.
Netanyahu was to later Tuesday lay a wreath at Şəhidlər Xiyabanı, or Martyrs Lane, a memorial dedicated to Azeris killed by the Soviets during the 1990 January Massacre and the Nagorno-Karabakh War, which lasted from 1988 to 1994. He also planned to visit the Ohr Avner Jewish educational complex, run by the Chabad movement, where he was scheduled to meet with representatives of Azerbaijan's Jewish community.

On Wednesday, Netanyahu and his delegation will travel to Kazakhstan for talks with officials interested in Israeli counterterrorism know-how and in doing business with Israel's high-tech sector, a means of diversifying its economy, which is currently dominated by exports of hydrocarbons.


Trump, Mocking Claim That Russia Hacked Election, at Odds with G.O.P.

New York Times By DAVID E. SANGERDEC. 10, 2016

WASHINGTON — An extraordinary breach has emerged between President-elect Donald J. Trump and the national security establishment, with Mr. Trump mocking American intelligence assessments that Russia interfered in the election on his behalf, and top Republicans vowing investigations into Kremlin activities.
On Saturday, intelligence officials said it was not until the week after the election that the C.I.A. altered its formal assessment of Russia's activities to conclude that the government of President Vladimir V. Putin was not just trying to undermine the election, but had also acted to give one candidate an advantage.
Wary of being seen as politicizing their findings, C.I.A. analysts had been reluctant to come to that conclusion in the midst of the election — even as many supporters of Hillary Clinton believed it was obvious, given the leak of emails from her campaign chairman and others.
One intelligence official said there were indications in early October that the Russians had shifted their focus to harm Mrs. Clinton. The C.I.A.'s slowness in shifting its assessment, another official said, was one reason President Obama ordered a full review of "lessons learned" on the operation to influence the election.

Trump's pick for State seen as a concrete outreach to Russia.

Rex Tillerson is an accomplished executive who has advocated for US engagement in Middle East and is considered close to Putin

THE TIMES OF ISRAEL BY JEFF HORWITZ December 11, 2016, 8:27 am

WASHINGTON (AP) — President-elect Donald Trump has found an accomplished American executive in Rex Tillerson, but one whose longstanding support for free trade, international law and an expansive US presence in the Middle East largely doesn't fit with what Trump has pitched to supporters.

A native of Wichita Falls, Texas, Tillerson came to Exxon Mobile Corporation as a production engineer straight out of the University of Texas at Austin in 1975 and never left. Groomed for an executive position, Tillerson came up in the rough-and-tumble world of oil production, holding posts in the company's central United States, Yemen and Russian operations.
His nomination as the country's top diplomat would be the nascent Trump administration's most concrete outreach yet to Russian President Vladimir Putin. Success in Russia required aligning the company's interests with those of the Russian government, mettle and good relations with Putin. Exxon steadily expanded its Russian business even as its rivals faced expropriation and regulatory obstacles, and in 2013 Putin bestowed the Order of Friendship on Tillerson.

In 2006, Tillerson won the battle to succeed former Exxon CEO Lee Raymond. Under the Texan's leadership, oil prices broke records and Exxon's profits helped make it the most valuable public company in the world, with a security force totaling thousands of employees, direct channels with governments worldwide and a strong aversion to American sanctions or limitations on where it could operate.

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In this Friday, March 27, 2015 file photo, ExxonMobil CEO Rex Tillerson delivers remarks on the release of a report by the National Petroleum Council on oil drilling in the Arctic, in Washington. (AP Photo/Evan Vucci, File)

Tillerson has used Exxon's enormous profits to explore new regions for oil and gas and to invest in new acquisitions like XTO Resources, a company that had helped pioneer drilling for natural gas in formations of shale in the United States. But over the years oil has become more difficult and expensive to find as large, easy-to-tap reservoirs in stable countries were slowly depleted. Exxon and other giant oil corporations found it ever more difficult to replace the oil they sold every day with new resources, and they were forced to look in every more difficult and hostile regions for oil and gas.
"Energy made in America is not as important as energy simply made wherever it is most economic," he said in 2007 in a speech to the Council on Foreign Relations. "We are free-market, free-trade advocates," he said in another speech to the group five years later, declaring that the greatest boon for American energy security would be support for oil production and trading worldwide.
While Tillerson advocates for a hands-off approach to markets, he's backed continued American engagement in the Middle East. After the Iraq war, Exxon agreed to develop a large project in still-unstable southern Iraq at terms that less favorable to Exxon than most deals. In 2011, Tillerson announced an expansive relationship with Russia's Rosneft that will spend years and billions of dollars developing technology to explore and produce oil and gas in icy waters in the Russian Arctic.

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Exxon CEO Rex Tillerson meeting with Russian President Vladimir Putin in Moscow in April 2012. (CC-BY, Wikimedia Commons)

While the revolutionary gains from shale fracking have poised the US to supply far more of its own energy, Tillerson has said it would be a mistake to step back.
"The question you have to ask is, 'well then, who steps into that void,'" he said, suggesting it would be a "large consuming country" such as China.
While his predecessor was a firm skeptic about the link between fossil fuel combustion and climate change, Tillerson has softened the company's position on the issue, even if he's unconvinced by the most dire predictions of the consequences.

At an industry conference in 2007, Tillerson acknowledged Earth's climate is changing, the average temperature is rising and greenhouse gas emissions are increasing. He also noted that climate remains a complex area of scientific study. Exxon remains under fire for its past efforts to undercut climate change — even as recently exposed internal documents show the company's own scientists recognized climate change's legitimacy as early as the 1970s.

But he said it's clear the risks of climate change to society and ecosystems could be significant, and it's prudent to develop and implement "sensible strategies that address these risks while not reducing our ability to progress other global priorities such as economic development, poverty eradication and public health."

Tillerson was slated to retire in March at age 65 under the company's mandatory retirement policy. Paid $27.3 million last year, Tillerson has accumulated roughly $160 million in Exxon stock along with $149 million of unvested stock options, according a proxy statement the company filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

Outside the oil industry, Tillerson has served as director of the United Negro College Fund and as chairman of the American Petroleum Institute. A former Eagle Scout, Tillerson also served as the National President of the Boy Scouts of America.


Turkey declares day of mourning after bombing kills 38 and wounds 166

Deputy prime minister says outlawed Kurdistan Workers' party may be behind attack outside Istanbul football stadium
The Guardian Helena Smith and agencies

Sunday 11 December 2016 08.54 GMT First published on Saturday 10 December 2016 20.14 GMT
A twin bomb attack outside a football stadium in the Turkish city of Istanbul killed 38 people, mostly police officers, and injured more than 160 others, the country's interior minister, Süleyman Soylu, has said.

The explosions, triggered by a car and suicide bomb less than one minute apart, struck outside Beşiktaş's stadium less than two hours after a match had finished on Saturday evening.
Officials said the attack, which killed more than 30 police officers, was believed to have been orchestrated by the outlawed Kurdistan Workers' party (PKK) and 13 people had been detained overnight.
Fourteen of the 166 wounded remained in intensive care, Soylu said.

In comments broadcast on CNN Türk, Turkey's deputy prime minister, Numan Kurtulmuş, said countries offering messages condemning the bombing should also show solidarity with Turkey's fight against terrorism.

"The arrows point at the PKK. It is clearly a planned event. There will be an announcement once the investigations are over. We cannot say anything definite for now," he said.
The Prime minister, Binali Yıldırım, declared a day of mourning and ordered flags flown at half mast to commemorate the victims, the state-run Anadolu agency said......
President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan cancelled a planned trip to Kazakhstan, his office said. Erdoğan described the blasts as a terrorist attack on police and civilians. He said the aim of the bombings, two hours after the end of a match attended by thousands of people, had been to cause the maximum number of casualties.
"Nobody should doubt that with God's will, we as a country and a nation will overcome terror, terrorist organizations ... and the forces behind them," he said in a statement.


Par Gilberte JACARET

Une découverte exceptionnelle révèle l'existence d'un souverain romain en Judée

Une large pierre, portant des inscriptions uniques, a été découverte au large de la côte de Tel Dor, par des archéologues de l'Université de Haïfa

TIMES OF ISRAEL STAFF 2 décembre 2016,


Une inscription évoquant l'existence d'un souverain romain jusqu'alors inconnu a été découverte au large de Tel Dor par l'Université de Haïfa. (Crédit : Université de Haïfa)

Des plongeurs israéliens, qui travaillent avec l'Université de Haïfa ont découvert un artefact archéologique rare, qui met en évidence un préfet romain de la province de Judée à l'époque de la révolte de Bar Kochba.!

Ils ont découvert des inscriptions remontant à 1 900 ans sur une large pierre qui se trouvait sur le fond marin au large des côtes de Haïfa, dans la mer Méditerranée, au début de l'année, qui porte le nom de Gargilius Antiques et qui mentionne la province de Judée.

Les archéologues ont été en mesure de déterminer qu'Antiques avait régné sur la Judée avant la légendaire révolte contre l'Empire romain, qui a été menée entre les années 132 à 136.

L'insurrection été écrasée, ce qui causa l'exil des juifs, et Jérusalem Ælia Capitolina est devenue Jérusalem Syrie-Palestine.

L'artefact aurait servi de socle pour une statue. Il a été découvert en janvier 2015 dans le cadre d'une excavation maritime sur le site archéologique Tel Dor. La ville était autrefois un port romain important, et a été en activité au moins jusqu'au IVe siècle.

Le rocher, qui mesure 70 sur 65 centimètres, et qui pèse plus de 600 kilos, était recouvert de créatures marines, au moment où il a été trouvé, selon Haaretz.

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Une inscription évoquant l'existence d'un souverain romain jusqu'alors inconnu a été découverte au large de Tel Dor par l'Université de Haïfa. (Crédit : Université de Haïfa)

« Nous avons été capables, pour la première fois, d'identifier avec certitude le nom du souverain qui régnait sur la Judée durant les années cruciales de la révolte de Bar Kochba. Mais en plus de cela, ce n'est que la deuxième fois que la Judée est mentionnée dans des inscriptions datant de l'ère romaine », explique le Professeur Assaf Yasur-Landau, de l'Université de Haïfa, qui a été chargé de déchiffrer le texte.

Le nom d'Antiques a été trouvé pour la première fois dans une inscription il y a 70 ans, mais l'endroit du règne n'était pas mentionné.

D'une longueur de sept lignes, le texte découvert cette année « est le texte le plus long découvert lors d'excavations maritimes en Israël », a affirmé Yasur-Landau.

Une partie est manquante, mais il semblerait que l'on y lise : « La ville de Dor honore Marcus Paccius, fils de Publius Silvanus Quintus Coredius Gallus Garigilus Antiques, gouverneur de la province de Judée, ainsi [....] que de la province de Syrie, et patron de la ville de Dor. »

When it comes to Israel, is François Fillon friend or foe?

» Il n'y a pas de traduction disponible pour cet article.

When it comes to Israel, is François Fillon friend or foe?
An examination of statements by France's Republican presidential candidate on Israel, Middle East conflicts, and the Jewish community

BY GLENN CLOAREC November 29, 2016, 6:49 am


PARIS — This Sunday, some 4.6 million French voters at 10,228 poling stations across France paid two euros each and signed a "charter of right-wing and centrist values" to cast their ballots in a decisive French center-right presidential primary election.

FREE SIGN UP!By evening, François Fillon was declared winner with 66.5 percent of the vote, beating his rival, Alain Juppé, nearly two-to-one. Fillon is now the favored candidate ahead of the May 2017 French presidential elections.

During his tenure as minister and Prime minister, the current deputy of Paris expressed himself on many occasions on a variety of topics of interest to the greater Jewish world, including the French Jewish community, the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, and the war in Syria. His statements could at times be described as hostile.

Though the austere man was sequestered from major controversy during the campaign, since winning the first round of primaries last week, he has been criticized in the press for past declarations.
On Wednesday morning, a new controversy broke out when Fillon, who was invited to speak to Europe 1 radio, compared the French Jewish community with the rise of Islamic fundamentalism in the country.
"Fundamentalists are in the process of holding the Muslim community hostage. We must fight that fundamentalism in the way that in the past... we fought some forms of Catholic sectarianism and we fought the drive by Jews to live in a community that did not always respect all the values of the French Republic," he said. (It was unclear what precisely he was referring to.)

The Representative Council of French Jewish Institutions (CRIF) soon responded on Twitter.

"The law of the land is the law: this Talmudic adage has been imposed on Jews since ancient history and requires them to respect the laws of the country in which they live," the organization declared.
The Union of French Jewish students (UEJF) asked the politician to clarify himself and wondered about "the relevance of his remarks, which compared three phenomena that occurred at three different epochs and which reduces Jews, Muslims and Christians to three compact and indistinct religious communities."

'The insularity that once existed was not the Jewish citizens' choice, but the consequence of French society not accepting their peers'

Haïm Korsia, chief rabbi of France, had a phone interview with the former prime minister. The two men recently met at the Grand Synagogue of Paris where they paid homage to Shimon Peres after the Israeli politician's death.

"He insisted on reaffirming the French Jews' attachment to France and its national values, and their concern for integration into French society," explained Yaël Hirschhorn, his communications advisor.
"He also pointed out that the Jewish insularity that once existed was in no way Jewish citizens' choice, but the consequence of French society not accepting their peers at the time," she said.
The chief rabbi "also recalled the role of the Great Sanhedrin, which was set up by Napoleon in 1806, which is none other than the proclamation of the guarantee of being able to practice Judaism in compliance with the laws of the Republic," she added.

However Fillion's spokesman Jérôme Chartier said on i24news that the candidate's words were misunderstood.

"François Fillon is very clear on the fact that sectarian aberrations can exist in any religious movement. Everyone knows it exists. But he always welcomed French Jews' integration, which is not a new phenomenon considering the Consistory dates back from the Napoleonic era. [...] French Jews are as French as French Christians who are as French as French Muslims — except those of course who take part in Islamic fundamentalism and totalitarianism and whom we have to fight against," he explained.
A few hours later, François Fillon reacted to the polemic on Twitter.
"Some people have been trying to interpret a sentence I voiced on Europe 1 this morning," he said. "I never meant to call into question the Jewish community's attachment to our common values and to the respect of the rules of the Republic. This attachment is old and sincere. I therefore regret that some people dared to twist what I said."
During the last broadcasted debate three days before the first round of the primary, the deputy of Paris denounced "the rise of a totalitarian phenomenon" — radical Islamism — more adroitly.
It is the "rise of a political movement [...] which threatens world peace, which has genocidal ambitions and which wants to eradicate Christians living in the Levant and to oust Jews living in Israel," he declared.

A French soldier patrols in the Jewish quarter of the Marais district, Paris, January 12, 2015. (AFP/ Bertrand Guay)

Last Wednesday was not, however, the first time François Fillon stigmatized the French Jewish community.

'Religions should reflect upon keeping traditions that don't have much in common with today's state of science'

In July, when defending the postponement of some baccalaureate tests for Muslim students celebrating Eid-el-Fitr, he said on RTL radio that, "[Postponement of tests] has always been a French tradition. General de Gaulle is the one who amended that religious Jewish and Muslim French civil servants could choose not to work on important religious holidays.

"The main beneficiaries of this have never been Muslims, but French Jews, who are very intransigent on this issue. The truth is that very few Muslims ever took advantage of this amendment," he said.
He was also under heavy criticism in 2012 when he challenged the Orthodox Jewish custom of ritual slaughter. He was then Prime minister.
"Religions should reflect upon keeping traditions that don't have much in common with today's state of science, technology and health," he said on Europe 1 radio.
In addition to his polemical remarks about the Jewish community, Fillon has repeatedly provoked anger among French citizens sympathetic to Israel.
In November 2015, following the Paris attacks, he declared that he was in favor of a "global coalition" to fight against the Islamic State (IS) which would include Russian, Iranian, Iraqi and Syrian governments, Kurdish movements and the Shiite terrorist organization Hezbollah, whose senior officials he met in July 2013.

'We must support Iran, which is committed to combating IS'

"We must support Iran, which is committed to combating IS," he said on France Inter Radio. "I know many will comment on this point of view, especially in Israel. But for a question of survival, Israel has always known how to ally with people who do not respect international morals. And no one can blame them."

When interrupted by journalist Patrick Cohen, who reminded him that "Hezbollah's vocation is to annihilate Israel," Fillon replied that "letting Hezbollah threaten the State of Israel is out of the question."
"Despite the fact that Hezbollah is a force that physically holds Lebanon and prevents it from acquiring the institutions necessary to continue its democratic march, the position I am defending is no longer isolated, it is also the position of the French government," he added.
Shortly after, in March 2016, François Fillon went to Iran, ostensibly to discuss the economic and social situation in the country and the Middle East.
According to the statement his campaign team published on his website, he insisted to Iranian officials about "the need to build a common international strategy to defeat the Islamic State and to establish the way for a peace process in Syria. He advocated for the Lebanese cause and against the internal divisions and the lack of viable institutions that are threatening the country. He also reiterated the French position vis-à-vis its ally Israel, which is entitled to security and whose existence cannot be challenged. The Palestinians would otherwise not be able to enforce their legitimate right to a state."
Last Monday, on Facebook, following Fillon's victory on the the primary elections' first round, Jewish legislator Meyer Habib — who supported the losing candidate, former president Nicolas Sarkozy — expressed some concerns about this rapprochement with Iran and Hezbollah.

"François Fillon has very solid experience and an ambitious program on economic and social matters," Habib wrote. "But I feel concerned about Israel's foreign policy and security, and he adopted some conflicting positions on this matter. Though François Fillon recently gave proof of friendship to Israel — he notably opposed the BDS movement and denounced the UNESCO vote — I remain concerned about his desire for an alliance with Iran, the Syrian regime and the Hezbollah organization to fight against the Islamic State."
As Member of Parliament Habib pointed out, Fillon vociferously opposed the recent UNESCO vote about the adoption of a controversial resolution on Jerusalem holy sites.
"The recent resolutions are unacceptable and I understand they shocked some people. France should have voted against these unbalanced texts that deny the historical reality of Jerusalem. France does not have to take a side and rewrite the history of others. We must maintain a moderate and objective position to help resolve the conflict," Fillon told Elnet website.

When questioned about the Paris conference, which was announced last June to prelaunch the Israeli-Palestinian peace process, Fillon argued that "we should bring all sides back to the negotiating table so that everyone's interests could be heard."
'Organizing a peace conference in Paris without the concerned protagonists is nonsense'
"Palestinians have a legitimate right to a state," he added. "Israeli territorial integrity and security must also be respected. The negotiations over the past few years have been a failure. Organizing a peace conference in Paris without the concerned protagonists is nonsense. I am against unilateral recognition, but for a dialogue and for the common will to reach a territorial solution. I will personally get involved on this matter. There is a need for a coordination between the European Union and the United States in order to restore some trust between the different sides."
During a three-day visit to Israel in January 2014, Fillon had already supported the country's right to security. During his speech at the Netanya French Campus, he adopted a very pro-Israeli position.

Patrick Klugman, Harlem Désir, François Fillon and Pierre Lellouche, during the tribute paid to Shimon Peres at the Great Synagogue of Paris on September 29, 2016. (Glenn Cloarec / Times of Israel)

"I feel very honored to be your guest and to talk to the Israeli youth who are the soul of your amazing nation," he said. "Israel's fate and the region's stakes have always fascinated me. This is where the earliest and the most intense pages of humanity were written. I trembled for Israel during the Yom Kippur War. All nations have had to overcome issues to exist and to unite, but Israel is not a nation like any other."

After referring to the Holocaust, he explained that "the French Republic is and will always be uncompromising with anti-Semitism, as was recently the case with a humorist [Dieudonné M'Bala M'Bala] who said abject remarks. In France, anti-Semitism is not an opinion, it is an offense. Things are very clear for me: opponents of French unity and rapists of memory can not exploit freedom of speech."
"Because Israel has strong historical and moral ties with France and Europe, what affects you, affects us, and what torments you, torments us," he continued. "The existence of Israel is not debatable and its security is therefore not negotiable. Israel is our friend and ally and whoever threatened its existence would expose itself to our toughest response. To have peace, you need to know that France will always be on your side regarding your safety. Israel is the gateway to our own history. It is old Europe's friend and confidant," he concluded.

A few months later, in November 2014, despite these earlier words praising the Hebrew state, Fillon openly criticized the attitude of Israel on BFM TV. He explained that the country was "threatening world peace because it was delaying the creation of a Palestinian state" — a state he has pledged his desire to create since 2011.

"I am telling the Israelis that if they do not accept and if they do not understand that the creation of the Palestinian state is a sine qua non condition for peace in Middle East, they are not only taking risks for their long-term future, but they are also creating instability for the whole world. I think the situation in the Middle East is a threat to our own country's internal security," he said.

At the same time, however, he announced that he would not vote in favor of the resolution proposed by ecologists and socialist leaders who invited the French government to recognize the state of Palestine. He considered that this resolution "would have no effect, except perhaps to complicate the situation in Middle East."

In October 2015, the former Prime minister called on the international community to "put pressure on Israel" to make peace with Palestinians. "[Israel] is not going to be safe from the chaos that is taking hold of the Middle East," he declared on LCP TV.

"The idea that Israel could remain a peaceful and prosperous islet in the midst of this chaos is a crazy and false idea. We have to put pressure on Israel to resume the negotiation process and to let Israel liberate occupied territories. There will never be peace in Palestine if they are not willing to do this. Some settlements were established in total contradiction with commitments which were stated in previous agreements," he concluded.

On RMC radio a month later, he reiterated his call to put pressure on Israel for the resumption of the peace talks.

"The Palestinians are also responsible. The Hamas organization is unfortunately blocking the process and is not an interlocutor with whom one can easily find solutions," he said. "But at the same time, Palestinian territory is disappearing step by step because of the settlements. There is no solution in Israel without a Palestinian state."
'The Hamas organization is unfortunately... not an interlocutor with whom one can easily find solutions'
He also defended the idea of labeling products made in Judea, Samaria and the Golan during the interview — a measure that had been approved a few days earlier by the European authorities.
"It is very modest compared to what Europe should do," he said.
However, in February 2016, when the campaign for the primary elections had already begun, he declared during a debate organized by the CRIF organization that he did not have a "lesson to give to Israel because [he] was not living there."

Hopefuls take part in the first televised debate between the seven candidates for France's right-wing presidential nomination ahead of the 2017 presidential election, on October 13, 2016 at the studios of French private television channel TF1, north of Paris. (AFP PHOTO / POOL / Martin BUREAU)
"I am not against Israel but I am committed to the creation of a Palestinian state. I want peace," he argued. "There is a tendency to be tougher with Israel because it is a strong, organized and powerful country."
He also declared he was finally opposed to the labeling of Israeli products.
'There is a tendency to be tougher with Israel because it is a strong, organized and powerful country'
With these various statements and positions, we can legitimately wonder how Fillon would position his government on issues concerning Israel and Middle East if he is elected president of the French Republic after the second round of voting, on May 7.
As his recent remarks tend to suggest, would he really try to resume harmonious relations between France and Bashar al-Assad, Iran and Hezbollah to defeat the Islamic State while continuing to defend Israel's security and integrity?
If he chooses to adopt such a strategy, it can be feared in the worst case that none of the concerned parties will give him any confidence and credibility. In the meantime, we can still wonder whether François Fillon is Israel's friend or enemy.




Le 7 novembre 1938, Herschel Grynszpan, Juif polonais d'origine allemande qui habite Paris et veut protester contre la récente expulsion des Juifs polonais vivant en Allemagne par-delà la frontière polonaise, se présente à l'ambassade d'Allemagne et blesse mortellement Ernst Vom Rath, secrétaire d'ambassade.

Pour les nazis, ceci sera le prétexte au déclenchement de la « Nuit de Cristal ».

A l'annonce de l'attentat contre Vom Rath, la presse allemande développe à l'envi le thème de la conspiration juive mondiale et menace de sévères représailles.

Le 9 novembre au soir à Munich, Goebbels prononce un discours violent d'incitation aux représailles devant les chefs nazis. La SA donne alors l'ordre à ses troupes d'incendier systématiquement toutes les symboles de la vie juive.

En Allemagne et Autriche, près d'une centaine de Juifs sont assassinés, arrêtés, plusieurs sont gravement blessés, des femmes sont violées. La communauté juive est condamnée à payer une amende de un milliard de marks pour avoir causé ces dommages « en provoquant la juste colère du peuple allemand ». Elle sera prélevée sur les 7 milliards d'avoirs juifs bloqués depuis avril 1938.

Le bilan est très lourd : destruction de 267 synagogues en Allemagne, de nombreuses maisons communautaires, de milliers de lieux privés (maisons, appartements et commerces). A ces destructions matérielles s'est ajouté l'assassinat de 91 Juifs, l'arrestation et la déportation de 30 000 hommes à Dachau et Buchenwald. Dans les semaines qui suivent, la communauté juive est secouée par une vague de suicides sans précédents (680 dans la seule ville de Vienne), et la vague d'émigration vers l'Europe occidentale et la Judée-Samarie s'accélère.

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Intérieur de la Synagogue de la Fasanenstrasse à Berlin après la nuit de cristal

Allemagne: un groupe d'extrême-droite diffuse une carte des lieux juifs sur Facebook

La police allemande a annoncé ce jeudi enquêter sur la publication mercredi, jour du 78e anniversaire de la Nuit de Cristal, d'une carte de Berlin sur un groupe Facebook d'extrême droite indiquant près de 70 adresses d'organisations juives. «Une plainte pour incitation à la haine raciale a été déposée», selon un porte-parole de la police à Berlin.

Repérée mercredi soir par une organisation de lutte contre l'extrême-droite, le MBR, cette carte recensait près de 70 lieux juifs à Berlin (synagogues, garderies, écoles, monuments ou encore restaurants) sur fond rouge et avec l'inscription en écriture gothique «Juifs parmi nous». Elle a été publiée sur le groupe Facebook d'extrême droite des «Forces libres de Berlin-Neukölln (FKBN)» 78 ans après le pogrom perpétré par les nazis contre les Juifs dans la nuit du 9 au 10 novembre 1938. Cet après-midi, ni le groupe ni la carte n'étaient plus visibles sur le réseau social.

Une enquête lancée contre Mark Zuckerberg

«Les autorités judiciaires doivent prendre ces menaces au sérieux», a estimé Bianca Klose, chef de projet au MBR. La Nuit de Cristal «a été le prélude de la persécution systématique des juifs en Allemagne, qui a ensuite conduit à l'Holocauste», a rappelé le député CDU Martin Patzelt sur sa page Facebook, qualifiant la carte d'«insupportable».

Ce député a également critiqué la politique de Facebook, qui permet ce genre de publication «sous couvert de la liberté d'expression». Ce réseau social est régulièrement accusé en Allemagne d'être trop tolérant vis-à-vis des contenus racistes. La justice allemande a justement annoncé cette semaine l'ouverture d'une enquête visant le patron de Facebook après le dépôt d'une plainte pour «incitation à la haine». La procédure en est encore à un stade préliminaire.

Source :, 10 novembre 2016

Le président allemand remémore le pogrom nazi de 1938 lors de l'inauguration d'une nouvelle synagogue

11 novembre

Le président allemand Joachim Gauck, a remémoré les milliers de victimes du pogrom nazi, il y a 78 ans et a choisi de faire construire une synagogue dans la ville de Cottbus, en Allemagne orientale.
« Aujourd'hui, je suis venu à Cottbus pour connaître une bonne Allemagne », a déclaré le président allemand dans l'ancienne église protestante, convertie en synagogue, en 2015.
Gauck a salué l'engagement des bénévoles et les commanditaires qui ont permis à l'Etat fédéral de Brandebourg la première synagogue depuis la Shoah.
Selon le président, cette synagogue, située dans la zone piétonne est un symbole de la façon dont peut aussi être l'Allemagne.

JEWISH CULTURE 249 by Gilberte Jacaret

» Il n'y a pas de traduction disponible pour cet article.


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99 Dizengoff st.
Tel Aviv, 64396


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Showing now!

Between the Private and Public Domains in Bauhaus and International Style Buildings in Tel Aviv

Book edited by Micha Gross
Photographs by Michael Craig Palmer and Ingrid Botschen

A photographer and architect cross thresholds to photograph the intermediate spaces between the public and private domains, between the exterior and interior of International Style and Bauhaus buildings in Tel Aviv.

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The center includes a gallery that hosts changing exhibitions about Bauhaus architecture and design, the city of Tel Aviv and contemporary art, design and architecture. The exhibitions travel, and they have been shown in Berlin, Frankfurt, Delft (NL) and London.

Permanent exhibition

We also hold a permanent exhibition called "Revival Of The Bauhaus In Tel Aviv", exposing 25 of Tel Aviv's Bauhaus buildings in various media including archive photography, architectural plans and drawings. This is a great place to get a first concept of the main ideas of "The International Style" and to begin to grasp its impact on Tel Aviv.

Showcase of exhibitions

The complete history of exhibitions that have taken place at the Center is displayed on the website, year by year. It includes architectural exhibitions as well as poster design, photography, drawings and paintings by various Israeli and international artists.

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FRAGMENTS OF A STYLE exhibition International Style Architecture in Tel Aviv

Yigal Gawze's photographs capture the abstraction, the simplicity and the optimism of early modernism in Tel Aviv.
He distils the essence of the Bauhaus to bring it alive in a modern city and concentrates on the subtle effects of natural light upon architecture, a technique that the masters of the modern movement themselves applauded.

Nonie Niesewand author and design editor was the architectural correspondent for The Independent newspaper.

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Fragments is a personal inquiry into the aesthetics of an architectural style which has largely defined the urban fabric of Tel Aviv.

The abstract geometry created by the white facades protruding into space against the backdrop of the blue sky was the point of departure for the project. It was counterbalanced and enriched by the focus on past craftsmanship, present in the fine detailing of the banisters, stairs and windows.

"I chose to focus on the fragment - an essential part of the structure, which carries within it the genetic code of the whole.

It was also an attempt to convey something of the utopia of the years which saw the building of the "White City". Only in the last part of the work, did I step back to deal with the whole building and its relationship to the street as part of the city."

Yigal Gawze, photographer


CULTURE JUIVE 230 par Gilberte JACARET  
Découverte du statut élevé de la femme juive dans l’antiquité  par Times of Israël
8 mars 2016 

Sceau Elihana bat Gael 
Un sceau datant d’il y a 2 500 ans, portant le nom « Elihana bat Gael » a été découvert lors de fouilles effectuées dans la Cité de David, située dans le parc national des Murailles de Jérusalem, rapporte l’Autorité israélienne des antiquités. Un autre sceau portant également un nom – « Saaryahou ben Shabenyahou » – a été découvert à proximité du premier artefact, mais sans provoquer le même émoi.

« La propriétaire du [premier] sceau bénéficiait d’un statut exceptionnel par rapport aux autres femmes de l’époque du Premier Temple : elle disposait du droit légal de faire des affaires et posséder des propriétés », affirment les responsables des fouilles, Dr Doron Ben-Ami, Yana Tchekhanovets et Salome Cohen. Et d’expliquer : « Les seaux personnels servaient à signer des documents et étaient généralement encastrés dans une bague portée par le propriétaire. Dans l’antiquité, ils indiquaient l’identité, la généalogie et le statut de leur porteur. »
Fouilles archeo
Vue générale du site – Crédit photo : Autorité israélienne des antiquités
Les deux sceaux portant des noms hébraïques ont été découverts dans un édifice qui servait de centre administratif à l’époque du Premier Temple, sur le site de fouilles situé dans le parking Guivati, à proximité de la Vieille Ville de Jérusalem. Les archéologues se félicitent de cette découverte : non seulement trouver des sceaux de cette période est relativement rare, mais en découvrir un portant un nom de femme est un véritable évènement. « Les sceaux appartenant à des femmes ne représentent qu’une infime proportion de ceux découverts jusqu’à présent. En effet, les femmes avaient généralement un statut économique inférieur, sauf exception. En fait, le nom Elihana n’apparaît pas dans la Bible et il n’y a pas d’autres informations sur l’identité de la femme, mais le fait qu’elle possédait un sceau témoigne de son statut social important », affirme le Dr Hagai Misgav de l’Université hébraïque de Jérusalem.
Les archéologues travaillent sur ce site depuis neuf ans, dans le cadre d’un projet impliquant l’Autorité israélienne des Antiquités, l’Autorité de la Nature et des Parcs et la Fondation de la Cité de David.

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