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CULTURE & HERITAGE - Culture & History

THE SIX DAY WAR

Between June 5th and June 10th 1967

On May 17, Gamal Abdel Nasser, leader of Egypt, had made it clear that the United Nations was no longer wanted in the Suez region. He ordered a concentration of Egyptian military forces in the Suez zone.
On May 23, the Egyptians enforced a naval blockade which closed off the Gulf of Aqaba to Israeli shipping and all ships bound for Eilat. This blockade cut off Israel’s only supply route with Asia and stopped the flow of oil from its main supplier, Iran.

On May 30, Iraq joined the military alliance with Egypt, Jordan and Syria.
On June 5, early in the morning, Israeli planes destroyed the Egyptian air force on the ground. The Israeli population knew nothing of it. The Golan Heights were captured from Syria and Israeli forces moved 30 miles into Syria itself.

At the same time, the Israeli enter the Sinai desert.
On June 6, Israel destroys the Jordan army. The whole of the west bank of the Jordan River is cleared of Jordanian forces.
On June 7, the Israeli enter Jerusalem. All Israeli are watching T.V. They see Moshe Dayan reaching the Kotel. Naomi  Shemer will sing “Yerusahlaim shel zaav”. On that very evening, Israel signs a cease-fire with Jordan.
 
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On June 8, the Israeli forces reach the Suez Canal after destroying  many Egyptian tanks. They are in a position to march on Cairo.
On June 10, the Israel army storms the Golan Heights.

Israel lost 883 soldiers and 2,586 were wounded. The Israeli Air Force lost 46 of its 200 fighters.

By the end of the war, Israel had tripled the size of the area it controlled. Jerusalem was unified. Israel had captured the Sinai, the Golan Heights, the Gaza Strip and the West Bank.
The Arabs falsely accused the U.S of airlifting supplies to Israel. By contrast, the Soviet did supply massive amounts of arms to the Arabs. At the same time, the armies of Kuwait, Algeria, Saudi Arabia and Iraq were contributing arms and troops to the Egyptian, Syrian and Jordanian fronts.

In November 1967, the UN adopted Resolution 242. The resolution is the formula proposed by the Security Council for the successful resolution of the Arab-Israeli conflict, in particular, ending the state of belligerency then existing between the 'States concerned', Israel and Egypt, Jordan, Syria and Lebanon. The resolution deals with five principles:  withdrawal of Israeli forces, peace within secure and recognized boundaries, freedom of navigation, a just settlement of the refugee problem and security measures including demilitarized zones. It also provided for the appointment of a Special Representative to proceed to the Middle East in order to promote agreement on a peaceful and accepted settlement in accordance with the principles outlined in the resolution.

Nothing has been achieved so far.

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Moshe Dayan