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Culture & History

THE JEWISH MUSEUM IN MOSCOW

Moscow's Jewish Museum: "A living museum for a lively people"
October 20, 2011   Pauline Tillmann
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Russia was once home to five million Jews. Today, the few thousand remaining in Moscow have a new place to explore their heritage.
There are over 100 state museums in Moscow, but for Jewish history there are none. That changed this past May with the opening of a private museum dedicated to the history of the Jewish people in Russia.
There was a time when many Jewish people called Russia home. At the beginning of the 20thcentury, more than 5 million Jews lived in the Russian empire. Then came two world wars, Stalinism and three waves of mass exodus. As a result, today only a few hundred thousand remain. The Jewish population of Moscow is estimated to be 250,000. No one is certain of the exact figure, since there is a national census only once every 10 years, and even then, not every Jewish person states that they are, in fact, Jewish, although today they do not have to fear any official consequences for this identity. During the Soviet era, it was a different story. Many universities and institutes refused to admit Jews.

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At Auschwitz, Netanyahu vows Israel will do everything to prevent another Holocaust
 
The prime minister was speaking at the opening of a new Holocaust exhibition at the former Nazi death camp in Poland, designed by Yad Vashem experts; Netanyahu is on a two-day visit to Poland, attending a ministerial summit in Warsaw.
Haaretz, By The Associated Press and Barak Ravid | Jun.13, 2013

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In a defiant speech coming from the place symbolizing the suffering of Jews during World War II, Israel's prime minister warned on Thursday that Israel will do everything to prevent another Holocaust and to defend itself against any threat.

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Nazis sur écoute
Par André Burguière

Après la guerre, les conversations de prisonniers allemands qui avaient participé à la «Shoah par balles» furent enregistrées à leur insu. Édifiant.
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Un membre des commandos spéciaux (Einsatzgruppen) s'apprête à tuer d'une balle dans la tempe un civil agenouillé au bord d'une fosse où s'entassent des cadavres, sous les yeux d'un groupe de soldats allemands. Cette photo d'une exécution de masse en Ukraine est un des témoignages visuels, peu nombreux, sur la «Shoah par balles», ce massacre de centaines de milliers de juifs de l'Est qui a précédé l'extermination industrielle dans les camps de la mort.

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THE SIX DAY WAR

Between June 5th and June 10th 1967

On May 17, Gamal Abdel Nasser, leader of Egypt, had made it clear that the United Nations was no longer wanted in the Suez region. He ordered a concentration of Egyptian military forces in the Suez zone.
On May 23, the Egyptians enforced a naval blockade which closed off the Gulf of Aqaba to Israeli shipping and all ships bound for Eilat. This blockade cut off Israel’s only supply route with Asia and stopped the flow of oil from its main supplier, Iran.

On May 30, Iraq joined the military alliance with Egypt, Jordan and Syria.
On June 5, early in the morning, Israeli planes destroyed the Egyptian air force on the ground. The Israeli population knew nothing of it. The Golan Heights were captured from Syria and Israeli forces moved 30 miles into Syria itself.

At the same time, the Israeli enter the Sinai desert.
On June 6, Israel destroys the Jordan army. The whole of the west bank of the Jordan River is cleared of Jordanian forces.
On June 7, the Israeli enter Jerusalem. All Israeli are watching T.V. They see Moshe Dayan reaching the Kotel. Naomi  Shemer will sing “Yerusahlaim shel zaav”. On that very evening, Israel signs a cease-fire with Jordan.
 
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On June 8, the Israeli forces reach the Suez Canal after destroying  many Egyptian tanks. They are in a position to march on Cairo.
On June 10, the Israel army storms the Golan Heights.

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RAOUL WALLENBERG BECOMES AUSTRALIA’S FIRST AND ONLY HONORARY CITIZEN
raoulReport by Judi Schiff, Founding Member, Raoul Wallenberg Unit of B’nai B’rith
Melbourne, Australia                                                                                                        

A number of Raoul Wallenberg Unit members, including the Raoul Wallenberg Unit Co-Presidents, Margaret Heselev and Wendy Waller, travelled from Melbourne to Canberra to attend the Conferring of Honorary Citizenship of Australia upon Raoul Wallenberg. President of the District Jim Altman from Sydney represented B’nai B’rith Australia/New Zealand. The function took place on Monday 6 May 2013 at Government House, Canberra. 

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THE ROMAN MOSAIC FROM LOD
The Roman mosaic from Lod, Israel was discovered in 1996 during highway construction in Lod (formerly Lydda).
A rescue excavation was immediately conducted by the Israel Antiquities Authority, revealing a series of mosaic floors measuring approximately 50 feet long by 27 feet wide.

Introductory video courtesy of The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
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To preserve them until funding was secured for their full scientific excavation and conservation the mosaics were then reburied. Removed from the ground in September 2009, the large central square panel and two adjacent rectangular panels were exhibited to the general public for the first time at The Metropolitan Museum of Art from September 28, 2010 in an exhibition documenting the discovery and the history of the mosaic’s removal, conservation, and eventual journey to the United States.

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